How long does it take to grow potatoes? I’m here to give you the answer! Plus, we’re going to briefly discuss the possible factors of delayed growth and proper care for this root crop vegetable.
Potatoes are all-time favorite worldwide. From fried to baked, this vegetable is served in various occasions and embraced for different reasons. Many children prefer eating this than other vegetables, while adults continue to like it because of its versatility. It’s definitely the kind of veggie you want to put on the side of your plate whatever meals you’re having.
As far as planting is concerned, potatoes are also one of the easiest vegetable to grow. There’s no need to have a large acre of land to be able to plant potatoes. As little as 4-square foot, it is enough to grow this vegetable.
Even if you live in an urban area, as long as you have time and determination, it should be easy to sow. The only question we’re trying to answer is how long does it take to grow potatoes?
Variants of Potatoes
You must understand that there are different varieties of potatoes. To be more specific, you can choose one or more among the 14 variants (see the list below). Depending on the type, potatoes can grow from as early as 70 days (more than 2 months) to 120 days (4 months).
1. 70 to 80 Days – Early Harvesting
The following variants of potatoes grow between 10 and 11 weeks: Amandine, Annabelle, Belle de Fontenay, Chérie and Sirtema.
2. 100 Days – Mid-Season Harvesting
There are also Bernadette, Charlotte, Mona Lisa and rose of France. How long does it take to grow potatoes from these variants? It takes about over than 3 months before they are ready to be harvested.
3. 120 Days – Later Harvesting
The kinds of potatoes that grow longer than other variants include Bleue d’Artois, Caesar, Corne de Gatte, Désirée, Vitelotte. You have to wait at least 120 days or 4 months.
Causes of Delayed Growth in Potatoes
It’s not only about how long does it take to grow potatoes that you need to be concerned about. You must also know the potential delay of their growth. This can happen from the time you planted them before harvesting. It’s very important to be aware of such problem to ensure you have plenty of potatoes to harvest when the right time comes.
The following list is the factors that may delay the growth of your potato plants:
1. Too Dry, Wet or Cold Soil
The ideal soil for potatoes must be well-drained and at least 40 degrees F. You can improve the condition of the soil by adding or mixing some organic matter right before you plant them.
Again, how long does it take to grow potatoes? It should be only at least 70 to 120 days, right? If it’s more than 150 days, then there’s problem with the soil
2. Freshly Cut Seed Potatoes
You basically have to plant seed potatoes as the initial process. However, do not pick freshly cut ones as these can become easily dehydrated and do not heal immediately, which can result to growth prevention.
It’s inevitable to say the least that potato growth can be interfered due to pests and diseases. Be aware of flea beetles, leaf hoppers, potato scab, and aphids or generally known as potato bugs/beetles*. Just in case, use natural insecticides to solve this problem.
*Bonus: How to get rid of potato bugs?
Planting and Harvesting Tips
Now that we have learned how long does it take to grow potatoes, let’s refresh our mind regarding some basic matter when planting, taking care and harvesting this vegetable.
- 1. Add and mix some organic compost or rotted manure in the soil.
- 2. Plant certified seed potatoes that are 0 to 2 weeks old after last spring frost in well-drained, loose soil. It must be one foot apart and 4-inch deep.
- 3. Water regularly once the tubers start to form.
- 4. Hill potatoes every 2 to 3 weeks for extra protection.
- 5. When harvesting, dig potatoes during a dry day. Do it gently and avoid compacting the soil.
- 6. Start harvesting once the vines of the potatoes die.
- 7. Brush off soil on potatoes before storing in a cool, dry and dark place (ideally 35 to 40 degrees F).
- 8. Do not wash potatoes unless you use them for cooking. Otherwise, it can shorten their storage life.
How long does it take to grow potatoes? Well, you already know the answer! What’s left for you to do is probably start planning seed potatoes.