Many gardeners would love to add asparagus; How to Grow Asparagus is a basic question answered below.
Asparagus, with the scientific name asparagus officinalis, is a hardy perennial type of plant that grows in well-drained soil (USDA zones 2 to 8) between 7.0 and 7.2 pH level. It grows every year whether in dry or winter seasons. In most cases, it’s ready to harvest in spring or summer.
Even after harvest, the plant stays in the same garden bed for long years between 15 to 30. Thus, a very excellent choice to grow for its yearly production.
Moreover, this vegetable is a great source of many essential nutrients. These include B vitamins, vitamin C, calcium and iron. It’s another reason why you must include this in your home garden.
How to Grow Asparagus?
The Preparation Phase
Before planting asparagus how to grow process involves a day or two of preparation. This mainly refers to the checking and improving soil. It has to have a neutral pH level, which is between 6.5 and 7.5.
If too acidic, you can increase it with lime. In addition, choose a well-drained area with partial to full sun exposure.
Bear in mind to remove weeds ahead of time. It is a big challenge to raise this vegetable if there are grasses in the surroundings.
Decide whether you’re going to build your own garden bed for this vegetable or simply use soil in the ground. Experts would definitely recommend using a raise bed for better control and maintenance.
If this interests you, purchase a wooden planting bed and fill in with soil. You may also like to build on your own.
The Planting Phase
Generally, plant several seeds or spears about 12 to 18 inches apart. It’s best that you place them in a greenhouse or indoors between February and May.
This is the perfect season in which the sun lights brightly and soil temperature ranges from 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It won’t be long until its fern-like foliage appears in your garden during summer.
Be aware that the plants fades in early fall. This is when you need to improve the soil by adding organic matter, preferably organic, such as leaf mold and composted manures.
You also have to check the soil pH again to ensure it is in a normal level. As for the winter, mulching is required for asparagus on how to grow it.
To have quicker harvest, use seedlings instead of seeds. Dig 6 to 8 inch deep holes in the prepared soil and place the seedlings with a foot apart from each other.
During the course of the following weeks, the plant starts growing. Rake the soil on the edge a little to level the bed and add mulch to prevent weeds. Do not forget to water regularly for faster growth and healthier produce. Apply liquid or organic fertilizer too.
As you keep an eye of the plants, you won’t notice the harvesting period until a few months. The only indication is the appearance of long spears emerging from the soil.
In terms of seed asparagus how to grow them is a bit tedious. You have to first soak the seeds for an hour or two before planting in the soil.
One advantage of using seeds is that you can use small pots instead of a raising bed and this allows you to place anywhere in your garden or patio and near the main doors of your house.
After 2 to 8 weeks, the seeds turn into sprouts and this should excite you. It also implies the need to care and maintain them is a strict priority. Once they look more of a fern, transplant them into a garden bed and use the same tips mentioned under seedlings.
With asparagus how to grow them isn’t only about the planting and watering activities. It also involves the prevention of pests and insects. While this problem is very common, it is best that you avoid them.
Normally, the presence of disease occurs if the soil isn’t well drained so keep the moisture level in place. Other similar problems can be solved with the right brand of organic insecticides.
Beetles are the common insects that like to thrive in asparagus ferns. You can simply pick them one by one and place somewhere from your garden.
It is very easy to identify if the spears are ready to harvest. The length of a mature asparagus is normally 8 inches. You can easily snap with a cutter (click here for the best tool) and collect for your later meal.
Is it interesting in regards to asparagus how to grow is simply easy and convenient? I bet you agree, so better plant soon.