Cucumbers are one of the most refreshing summer vegetables that can liven up any salad and make the most energizing water detox.
Since cucumbers are native to warmer temperatures, growing them in Texas can be a bit tricky.
However, it is not impossible—you can quickly learn how to grow cucumbers in Texas with our helpful guide.
Cucumbers are easy to grow and produce a great harvest.
Cucumber plants are sensitive to extreme temperatures, so planning and preparing the harvest in early spring and fall is best.
We have covered all the basic points on how to grow cucumbers in Texas.
When to Plant Cucumbers?
Cucumber plants cannot survive the frost of Texas; therefore, you need to be very attentive to the weather conditions of your area before planting the cucumbers.
Cucumbers cannot survive cold temperatures ranging below 40 degrees Fahrenheit nor can they survive frost.
If you plant cucumbers way too early in spring, they will most likely die, and if they are planted a little too late, the harvest won’t be ready until late autumn—it is the time around when frost hits Texas.
Keep the record of the last season’s frost in mind. If there hasn’t been any frost for weeks, it is safe to plant cucumbers.
Not only the frost, but you must also be watchful of the extremely hot temperature as a temperature above 95 degrees can stress the cucumbers—they need to be protected from extremely hot and cold weather.
The best time to plant cucumbers in Texas is between March 21–April 17.
How to Grow Cucumbers in Texas? | The Steps!
Following is the step-by-step guide on how to grow cucumbers in Texas:
- Extract seeds from a healthy and mature cucumber. You can either choose your seeds from your favorite cucumber or purchase them. (Only use the fully grown seeds.)
- Please choose the location for your cucumbers, start sowing the seeds at least one inch deep, and cover them with soil. Leave 3 to 5 feet of space between the rows of seeds. If the cucumber planted would need to climb a trellis, one foot of space will suffice.
- Depending upon your area’s weather, you can also plant the cucumber seeds on raised garden beds or hills and mounds. Plant 2 to 3 seeds in a single mound spaced 1 to 2 feet apart.
- Once the seedlings have reached the size of about 5 inches, reduce the number of plants to one plant per mound. It will allow maximum space for the plants to grow.
- If you notice the soil is cooler, it is best to warm it first. Use a black plastic sheet to cover the soil. It will help trap the heat and increase the warmth of the soil.
- After planting the seedlings, cover the soil with mulch to help retain the temperature and keep all pests and diseases at bay.
- Cucumber plants require regular watering to thrive. As soon as you see the seedling growing tall, water your plants consistently. Water the plants one inch per week. Increase the frequency of watering if the climate is hot.
NOTE: Irregular watering of cucumber plants will result in a bitter-tasting harvest.
- Water the plants early in the morning or afternoon and refrain from watering the leaves as it encourages pests and diseases and may cause mold and mildew formation.
- Though you can treat the soil with manure before planting the seeds, use fertilizer if you are not using manure or compost. Apply a 5-10-10 liquid fertilizer to encourage growth. Apply it once a week when the plants bloom, then reduce the fertilization to once every three weeks. Overfertilization will cause stunted growth.
- If you run short on space, use trellises to make the vines climb up.
- Ensure the cucumber plants receive at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. Cover the plants with a burlap sack if the sunlight is too intense.
Now you know how to grow cucumbers in Texas.
Harvesting the Cucumbers
The harvesting time of cucumbers is distinct for different varieties.
Learn the maturity time of your cucumbers through the seed packet. When your fruits are ready, please pick them up every other week.
Keep the following points in mind while harvesting cucumbers:
- Don’t let the cucumbers hang on the vines and mature too large, as they will get bitter.
- When the slicing varieties of cucumbers reach 6 to 8 inches long, they are ready to be harvested. Dill cucumbers are harvested at 4 inches long, and pickling cucumbers at 2 inches. Burpless varieties can grow as big as 10 inches or even big.
- Cucumbers have the best taste when their skins are green all over and they are crispy.
- Do not let the seeds get too mature or the color turn yellow.
- While harvesting, always use shears or a knife—do not pull the fruits, as it will damage the vines.
- If the cucumbers are left too long on the plant, their skin might get very tough. It will also decrease the production of the plants and stop them altogether.
That’s all for today!
Now, let’s head toward the conclusion.
As gardeners, we can all vouch those store-bought fruits stand nothing against your home-grown ones.
We have you covered if you plan to ditch the stores and grow your organic fruits and vegetables at home. In this guide, our experts have put together some helpful instructions and constructive tips on how to grow cucumbers in Texas.
Though growing cucumbers is fairly easy, planning the harvest in the freezing weather of Texas might be a complication. That’s why our guide also covers helpful tips on when to grow cucumbers.
For any queries, ask our experts in the comments below!