Hoya Caudata is native to Malaysia and Thailand. It has long curly red drooping stems, thick cuttings. The leaves are hard oval without veins, covered with a matt bloom, which reaches a length of 10-14 cm.
The base of the plates is cordate. The top is decorated with silver flaws, and the back turns red. A curved peduncle has up to 10 small pale pink flowers with eyelashes along the edges with internal pubescence bloom. Flowers last up to 7 days, and the crown is red, often white, or purple.
- Hoya Caudata Home Care
- Hoya Caudata Propagation
- Hoya Caudata Growing Challenges
Hoya Caudata Home Care
Hoya Caudata is quickly grown at home. To do this, you need to provide the plant with a small hanging pot and standard care.
Like any other house plant, Hoya needs good lighting, timely watering, and the correct temperature regime. Hoya Caudata is a light-loving plant, so it should be placed in a bright place. This can be a well-lit room or a window sill on the east or west side.
Avoid direct sunlight, because of which the foliage can turn yellow and fall off. Due to its tropical origin, the flower loves warmth. In winter and summer, the ideal condition for developing a plant is a temperature from + 15 ° C to + 25 ° C. But the flower can quickly adapt to lower or higher heat readings.
Watering should be given special attention. Try to moisten the soil promptly, avoiding waterlogging or drying out. If moisture has accumulated on the pan cup, remove it. It is recommended to water twice a week in summer and winter. Use warm and settled water for irrigation.
Hoya Caudata can develop in any soil, but in fertile soil, this process will take place faster. Standard potting pot mixes or potting mixes sold in stores will do.
If you want to prepare your soil, use leafy soil, sod, humus, and sand. Mix these ingredients well in a ratio of 3:2:2:1. You can also add tree bark to the soil, which will provide good breathability.
The plant needs to be replanted every 3 years. This procedure was carried out in April. To transplant from one pot to another, use the transshipment method.
After that, you only need to fill up the soil. If you plan on completely replacing the ground, clean the root system of the old earth. Remove dried or rotten roots and then place Hoya Caudata in a new pot, carefully covering it with soil.
4. Hoya Caudata Pot
Most often, hanging pots are chosen for planting or transplanting. They can be plastic, ceramic, or wicker. If you want your plant to thrive, select spacious banks. Use small pots for abundant flowering.
For the Hoya Caudata to develop rapidly and bloom profusely, it needs to be fed regularly. Do this every month from spring to fall. In winter, do not add top dressing.
As a top dressing, use long-acting fertilizers once a month. Also, spray the plant with liquid humus, which contains a high content of trace elements, twice a month.
Hoya Caudata should not be cut off or broken off, especially peduncles – stems on which inflorescences appear.
They do not need to be removed even after the flowering period because old flower stalks can still give new inflorescences. Ordinary shoots do not break off either but put supports for them to trail along with them.
The plant produces flowers two years after rooting or sooner. Flowering begins in June and ends in July, then repeats in autumn. The flowers look like five-pointed, fluffy stars with a corolla.
Likewise, they combine into inflorescences that resemble an umbrella or hemisphere. Buds come in various shades: white, red, grey, pink, yellow, and mixed. They give off nectar that smells like honey. If there are several types in the room, it is filled with a pleasant fragrance.
Hoya Caudata Propagation
1. Hoya Caudata propagation by Seeds
The seed must be less than one year old. Dry the purchased seeds and plant them in loose soil. For the soil to absorb moisture well, mix artificial fabrics into it. The seedlings will sprout in seven days.
During this period, waterlogging or drying the soil should not be allowed. The seedlings should be kept in a warm room with good lighting. After three months, when the sprouts are vigorous, they can be transplanted into pots.
2. Hoya Caudata Propagation by Cuttings
Cut short cuttings should contain 2-3 leaves and several nodes. Please place them in a foil-wrapped jar to keep out the light. Fill with water at a temperature of +22 ° C to +25 ° C.
Place the cuttings in a shaded and warm place. To create greenhouse conditions, cuttings can be covered with foil. They will stand for two weeks and put the roots out of the nodes in this state. Then transplant them into potting soil.
3. Hoya Caudata Leaf Propagation
This is the longest and most challenging way to grow a flower. Not all leaves, having sprouted, become a full-fledged plant. You will need a root growth stimulant, chemical hormones, and light, loose soil for this method.
Soak the leaf’s stem with the stimulation and plant it in a pot of moist soil at a 45 ° angle. After a month, the roots will begin to sprout. During this period, the leaf needs to be given a hormone to develop shoots. Add a few drops to the base of the stem, and a node will appear in a week.
Hoya Caudata Growing Challenges
1. Lack of light and high air temperature
Hoya Caudata may not bloom, and the reason for this frequent phenomenon may be lack of light, high air temperature in the room during wintering, large pot size, and regular watering, especially in winter.
Place it near a window or create artificial lighting to make the plant bloom. In winter, transfer the flower to a cool room, where the temperature is not higher than +15 °C. Transplant the Hoya Caudata into a small pot no more than 20 cm in diameter. After watering, let the soil dry completely.
2. Lack or Excess of Light
Leaves turn yellow, which is affected by a lack or excess of light. Sometimes they are badly affected by direct sunlight, which burns the foliage.
Also, the dampness of the soil affects the yellowing of the leaves. You can solve the problem by rearranging the flower shaded on the floor. If your strain likes a lot of light, place it in a bright room. Water the plant twice a week in summer and once in winter.
3. The room is too dark
Hoya Caudata may not grow in the new leaves or shoots for a long time because of the following reasons: the room is too dark, there is not enough fertilizing with nitrogen content, a very cramped pot, or peduncles are cut off.
You need to feed the plant twice a month with the fertilizers. Also, transplant the Hoya Caudata into a larger pot and hang it in a bright place near the east or west window.
4. Excess moisture and fertilizer
Both of these factors are detrimental to the root system. Many fertilizers burn the roots, and the dampness chokes the roots and rot. Without roots, the plant ceases to receive moisture and nutrients.
As a result, the leaves become dehydrated, becoming like a rag. To fix this problem, reduce your fertilizing dose by half or temporarily stop fertilizing. Also, watch out for the moisture content of the soil. It should always dry out after the next watering.
5. Leaf spots
Leaf spots are an infectious disease caused by fungi or viruses. Fungal stains are easy to distinguish from viral ones. To do this, you need to rub the sheet.
If the stain has worn off, then it has a fungal plaque. If you can see by the eye that the stain has eaten into the leaf, then this is viral necrosis, due to which the cellular tissues of the leaf die off.
These spots result from the vital activity of microorganisms that feed on the sap of the cells. Therefore, you can kill them if you use antibiotics or fungicidal drugs.
6. Root nematodes
Root nematodes are microscopic worms that live in the roots. Their harmful action is the swelling and decay of the roots.
To get rid of parasites, you need to remove the plant from the soil, peel the roots and rinse them in hot water – + 55 °C. Also, disinfect the pot and new earth. After transplanting, please treat it with insecticides according to the instructions.
Scabbards are small insects that feed on plant sap. They stick to foliage or stems and resemble brown or red cocoons. As a result of the actions of pests, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the stems do not develop correctly. Insecticides will help to cope with scale insects.
Hoya Caudata is known for having thin weaving vines with fleshy leaves. The leaves have ribbed edges and bumps on the surface while variegating color.
Besides, the plant produces umbrella-shaped inflorescences, consisting of 6-15 white flowers. The plant loves frequent watering and moderate light without direct sunlight.