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Hydroponic Farming on a Small Scale: Setting up a Home Hydroponic Garden

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Given the unpredictability of weather patterns due to climate change, numerous gardeners seek simple and efficient crop cultivation methods that can be sustained throughout the year. 

Hydroponic farming, thankfully, provides an opportunity to grow an array of fruits, herbs, and some vegetables all year round. 

Although certain do-it-yourself (DIY) options might be initially complicated to try, they are still easy to maintain, given that you learn the correct approach to begin hydroponic farming.

Growing crops hydroponically at home offers numerous advantages, including a consistent and reliable source of fresh, nutrient-rich produce that significantly reduces the need for frequent trips to the supermarket. In this article, we will look at the basics of hydroponic farming systems, including how to set one up for your home. 

What is Hydroponics?

Hydroponics is a farming or you can say gardening technique of growing plants without soil. Yes, that’s right instead of soil hydroponics use a nutrient-rich water solution instead. 

The plants are typically grown in containers, and their roots are suspended in the nutrient solution, which provides all the necessary minerals and nutrients for growth. 

This technique offers full control over growing conditions, such as pH levels, temperature, and lighting, which helps in faster growth, higher yields, and more consistent crops on a small-scale garden. 

Benefits of Hydroponic Farming

Hydroponic farming is a modern farming technique that has gained popularity in recent years due to various benefits. 

While utilizing professionals that prioritize natural and environmentally-friendly practices is essential for maintaining lawn care service in Austin, TX a lot of effort goes into maintaining the quality and nutritional value of the soil. However, unlike traditional soil-based farming, hydroponics involves growing plants in nutrient-rich water solutions instead of soil. 

Hydroponic gardening offers several benefits, including:

Water conservation

One of the best reasons why you should go for hydroponic farming is because it helps save water. Hydroponic systems use significantly less water compared to traditional soil-based farming. This is because the water used in hydroponics is recycled and reused, reducing water wastage.

Space efficiency

Hydroponic systems can be designed to fit into small spaces and can be stacked vertically to increase growing capacity. This makes it an ideal option for urban farming or indoor gardening.

Faster growth and higher yields

Hydroponically grown plants typically grow faster and produce higher yields compared to soil-grown plants. This is because the plants have access to a consistent supply of nutrients and water, allowing them to grow more efficiently.

Proper control over growing conditions

Hydroponic systems allow for precise control over factors such as pH, nutrients, and lighting. This control results in more consistent crops, better quality produce, and reduced wastage.

Reduced use of pesticides and herbicides

In hydroponic farming, pests and diseases can be controlled using non-toxic methods such as biological controls, reducing the need for harmful chemicals.

How to Set up a Hydroponic Garden at Home?

Setting up a hydroponic garden at home may seem daunting initially, but it can be a straightforward and rewarding experience with the right guidance. Here are the basic steps to set up a hydroponic garden at home:

Decide the space and size of the garden

Hydroponic gardens can be set up in a range of spaces, from a small corner of a room to a full-scale greenhouse. Consider the available space and the desired size of the garden when planning your setup.

Choose a growing system

Select a hydroponic system that is suitable for your needs and space. There are various types of hydroponic systems available, including:

  •  Deep water culture, 
  •  Drip irrigation, 
  • Nutrient film technique, and aeroponics.

For beginners, there are four simple and affordable hydroponic systems to choose from, including the wick system, water culture (lettuce raft), ebb and flow, and NFT. Each system has its own advantages and disadvantages.

The wick system is the simplest hydroponic system as it does not require any moving parts or electrical components. However, it may not be suitable for water-intensive plants. 

On the other hand, the water culture (lettuce raft) system is easy to set up that takes less space and provides a high level of oxygenation to the roots. The ebb and flow system is versatile and promotes healthy root growth, while the NFT system provides a constant flow of nutrients. When choosing a hydroponic system, consider the plants you want to grow and select a system that suits their needs. 

Select plants

Choose plants that are suitable for hydroponic growing, such as lettuce, herbs, and tomatoes. Research the nutrient requirements of your chosen plants to ensure they thrive in your hydroponic setup.

It is important to consider the growth and the nutrient requirements of the plants. If you have small space it is better to opt for herbs, and leafy greens that don’t grow long. For example leafy greens are the easiest to grow in ebb and flow setup or in wick systems, but fruit bearing plants may require complex set up with support and space.

Set Up the System With Equipments

Setting up a hydroponic system at home can be done with a minimal amount of equipment, even in a small space. Here are some essential pieces of equipment you may need:

Growing containers: Depending on the type of hydroponic system you choose, you may need containers to hold the plants and nutrient solution. For example, a water culture system requires a floating raft to hold the plants and nutrient solution, while an NFT system uses a channel or gutter to hold the plants and nutrient solution.

Growing medium: Some hydroponic systems require a growing medium to support the plants and provide a surface for the roots to anchor to. Popular options include rockwool, coco coir, perlite, and vermiculite.

Nutrient solution: Hydroponic systems require a nutrient solution to provide essential minerals and nutrients to the plants. Pre-mixed nutrient solutions can be purchased, or you can mix your own using a hydroponic nutrient formula.

Lighting: Depending on the amount of natural light available, you may need to provide additional artificial lighting for your hydroponic system. LED grow lights are a popular and energy-efficient option for small-scale hydroponic gardens.

pH adjuster: The pH level of the nutrient solution is an important factor for plant growth, so it’s important to monitor the pH regularly using a pH meter and make adjustments using a pH adjuster.

Thermometer: Monitoring the temperature and humidity of the growing area is important for ensuring optimal growing conditions.

By investing in these essential pieces of equipment, you can set up a small-scale hydroponic system at home and enjoy fresh produce year-round.

Add the Plants

Once the hydroponic system is set up, add the plants to the system according to the instructions for the specific system. Be sure to provide support for the plants if needed and monitor their growth and health regularly. You can also use seeds to begin with. Ensure the seeds are properly spaced, and adjust the grow lights to the appropriate height for the germination. 

Monitor and maintain

Keep an eye on the water and nutrient solutions in the system, and adjust when needed. Clean the system to prevent contaminants or algae build up. Hydroponic system is easy to maintain but it does require frequent check-ins as plants grow at a faster rate as compared to the soil based gardening. 


Setting up a home hydroponic garden can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience, allowing you to grow fresh produce in a small space with minimal environmental impact. 

With the right equipment, careful planning, and regular maintenance, hydroponic systems can produce healthy, high-quality crops that are free from pesticides and other contaminants. 

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or new to hydroponics, a home hydroponic garden can provide a fun and sustainable way to cultivate your own food at home.