Peperomias are ornamental plants that belong to the pepper family. In the natural habitat, they grow in the tropical regions of America. Also, their homeland is the tropical regions of Asia and the New World. There are approximately 1000 varieties of Peperomia, which are ornamental plants.
In nature, they grow mainly in the shade and moist forests. Soils can be peaty, while sometimes Peperomia can choose rocks (the so-called lithophytes). Some species grow on trees, decaying deadwood (epiphytes), and moss forest litter. These plants are pretty simple to grow at home, as they are not inconsistent with detention conditions.
- 50 Stunning Peperomia Varieties
- 1. Peperomia Argyreia (syn: Sandersii)
- 2. Peperomia Albovittata
- 3. Peperomia Axillaris
- 4. Peperomia Antoniana
- 5. Peperomia Asperula
- 6. Peperomia 'Bamboo Stalks'
- 7. Peperomia Bangroana
- 8. Peperomia Clusiifolia
- 9. Peperomia Caperata
- 10. Peperomia Columella
- 11. Peperomia Caespitosa
- 12. Peperomia Dolabriformis
- 13. Peperomia Dahlstedtii
- 14. Peperomia Elongata
- 15. Peperomia Ecuador SP
- 16. Peperomia Eburnea
- 17. Peperomia Ferreyrae
- 18. Peperomia Fraseri
- 19. Peperomia Fagerlindii
- 20. Peperomia Graveolens
- 21. Peperomia Griseo-Argentea
- 22. Peperomia Glabella
- 23. 'Hope' Peperomia
- 24. Peperomia Hoffmannii
- 25. Peperomia Hutchisonii
- 26. Peperomia Incana
- 27. Peperomia Japonica
- 28. Peperomia Kimnachii
- 29. Peperomia La Laja Trace
- 30. Peperomia Maculosa
- 31. Peperomia Metallica
- 32. Peperomia Monticola
- 33. Peperomia Nivalis
- 34. Peperomia Obtusifolia
- 35. Peperomia Orba
- 36. Peperomia Perciliata
- 37. Peperomia Prostrata
- 38. Peperomia Pereskiifolia
- 39. Peperomia Polybotrya
- 40. Peperomia Quadrangularis
- 41. Peperomia ‘Ruby Cascade’
- 42. Peperomia Rubella
- 43. Peperomia Rotundifolia
- 44. Peperomia Rugosa ‘Aussie Gold’
- 45. Peperomia Serpens (syn: Scandens)
- 46. Peperomia Tetragona (syn: P. Puteolata)
- 47. Peperomia Trinervis
- 48. Peperomia Verschaffeltii
- 49. Peperomia Verticillata
- 50. Peperomia Vestita Var. Lindenii
- Peperomia Care Tips
- Propagation methods
- Diseases and pests
1. Peperomia Argyreia (syn: Sandersii)
Peperomia Argyreia is one of the brightest varieties, distinguished by architectural leaves of a pointed-ovoid shape of rich green color with silvery-gray stripes. The leaf plates’ pattern completely imitates the watermelon rind’s design. This plant is similar to wrinkled peperomia but has a silvery foliage shade. Short stems and rosette leaves characterize it.
Peperomia Argyreia can be attributed to dwarf varieties since its height is only 25-30 cm. It blooms for a long time with modest white spikelets and graceful lines rising above the leaf cap. Peperomia Argyreia needs bright diffused light, but the scorching sun’s rays should be avoided.
A temperature of 18-30 degrees is required, but the plant can be moved to a cooler place in winter. Watering should be regular during the warm season. Between watering, dry the soil to 3 – 5 cm. In autumn, the watering frequency is slightly reduced per the temperature of the content. In the spring and summer, the leaves must be regularly moistened, and the dust from the leaves should be removed with a dampened soft cloth.
2. Peperomia Albovittata
Peperomia Albovittata is a plant that has a dense and compact cap of leaves. It reaches 8 to 12 inches, not counting the flower spikes. This plant has very pale, thick, medium-sized, and silvery-green and round leaves marked with dense veins of dark green or purple hues that run in streaks along the length of the leaf.
The red stems of Peperomia Albovittata are juicy and fleshy. The individual flowers are tiny, odorless, and hard to see. They grow very close together on tall red spikes that usually appear in the spring.
Interestingly, many Peperomia Albovittata plant owners pinch them off because the foliage is the main object of interest. The plant does well in bright and indirect light.
It can tolerate more direct sunlight during the morning hours or winter, but the very hot summer sun can burn the leaves of the plants. Let the radiator soil dry almost completely and then water intensely. Avoid overwatering and don’t let Peperomia Albovittata stand in water.
3. Peperomia Axillaris
Peperomia Axillaris is the bright green plant of the Peperomia species, which looks like the bean pods’ stack. It resembles the fatter-leaved version of Dolabriformis or Ferreyrae, but it may grow taller than other species, reaching a height of about ten inches.
Suppose you allow Peperomia Axillaris to grow upward into the bean stalk. It tends to lose the lower foliage and leave the tight foliage cluster at the stem top. If you do not favor this look, appropriate watering and light help slow the process.
Full topple over and stems arch once they get very tall to stand straight. Since Peperomia Axillaris can be awkward and gangly as the hanging plant, most growers trim this plant to put it in the bush form. Usually, this is not a tricky species to find, but make sure you buy from a reputable seller. It is easy to mistake this plant with the same-looking Peperomia varieties.
4. Peperomia Antoniana
It is among the peperomia species with round leaves that grow to one inch wide. Its leaves are covered with light silver dots speckling. The foliage is fuzzy and dark, but there are different variations. Overall, it is reminiscent of an exotic and tiny Begonia.
Peperomia Antoniana is a desktop gem that grows to about six inches. It can handle different humidity and is the best terrarium candidate. Likewise, it does not like water on the leaves, so you need to go easy when watering.
This spotted variety can certainly differentiate any Peperomia collection. The plant has been nodding around the margins and gaining exposure, but it will likely need a search. In the same case, peperomia Antoniana refers to a quite picky indoor plant. However, for this plant to grow well and delight its owners with beautiful leaf color, it requires certain microclimatic conditions.
When creating the most favorable conditions for plant growth, it is imperative to focus on the original natural habitats. Peperomia Antoniana is a resident of predominantly tropical regions. But at the same time, this plant prefers to grow in places with scattered sunlight. Intense insolation can be a negative factor for this flower.
During its growth, it does not require a constant temperature change. Therefore, it is recommended to maintain the selected temperature, if possible, throughout the calendar year. Even in winter, it does not need to be explicitly changed. The plant is unpretentious and grows well at a temperature of about 22-24 degrees. However, even when the temperature drops to 20 degrees, it does not lag behind its growth.
Experts advise that one should not allow too much change in the temperature regime in the room where the plant is located. So, if the temperature in the room for some reason during the winter period drops to 14-15 degrees, then the plant may get sick.
5. Peperomia Asperula
Peperomia Asperula is a magnificent bushy succulent. The thick stem and underside of the leaves are dull green, with the top of the leaves being brighter and glossy green. It blooms several times a year where a creamy white spikelet appears on a tall stem.
Caring for it is pretty simple. In the sense of direct sunlight, especially in summer, Peperomia Asperula should be protected at such a hot moment. With a lack of light, the leaves on the plant will grow in a small form with less saturated color.
The biggest danger is waterlogging. If this plant is waterlogged, the stems and root system will rot. It is necessary to water it with frozen water, only a couple of degrees warmer than the air in your room. In summer, watering should be moderate. In winter, the plant should be watered extremely rarely until the ground cover is completely dry. Air humidity for this plant does not matter but praying in the summer is very useful.
6. Peperomia ‘Bamboo Stalks’
This remarkable Peperomia species produces upright stems, which develop into what appears like a miniature bamboo stand. As the plant grows, older leaves will fall from the high leaf nodes and leave the knotty segments of the stem that are visible. Peperomia ‘Bamboo Stalks’ requires regular watering throughout the year as it does not have a dormant period.
The amount of water directly depends on the air temperature. The plant is watered more abundantly in spring and summer, and in autumn and winter, it needs moderate watering. Peperomia ‘Bamboo Stalks’ does not tolerate both drought and excess moisture. It prefers an optimal temperature of 20-24 degrees.
The plant has no special requirements for air humidity. In hot weather, you can spray the plant’s leaves, which will favorably affect its development. Likewise, in its natural environment, Peperomia grows in diffused sunlight at the foot of trees.
At home, your needs to create approximately the same conditions. Direct, prolonged contact with the sun’s rays will leave burns on Peperomia ‘Bamboo Stalks’ leaves, so the plant must be shaded during sunny hours or placed on a less lit windowsill.
7. Peperomia Bangroana
This tiny-stemmed trailing variety has delicate and petite leaves, which form intricate green foliage. The plant looks similar to small Rotundifolia, but you need to measure their peduncles and flower spikes to differentiate them. It is crucial to identify the species. Nevertheless, Peperomia Bangroana originates from Africa.
The plant will grow more actively if placed on the windowsill, where it will not be exposed to direct sunlight. The most suitable place will be on windows facing east or west. During the winter period, the plant needs to extend the daylight hours with the help of additional lighting. The temperature indicators of indoor air and soil in a pot should be optimal and range from 16 to 22 degrees Celsius.
In spring and summer, water abundantly, and in autumn and winter, you need to water it moderately. It is supposed to be warm (about 2-3 °C warmer than room temperature). Allow the potting soil needs to dry out almost completely between waterings.
Excessive moisture is dangerous because it causes the root system and stems to rot. Humidity does not play a unique role. Keep it optimal (about 50-60%). You can sometimes spray the leaves in the summer, which is not necessary for winter.
8. Peperomia Clusiifolia
This herbaceous perennial is often found in the tropical jungles of South America. Its foliage is fleshy, and it grows on petioles of medium length in the following order. The plate has dark green color with a dark purple edging and red undertone.
The leaves’ shape resembles the expanding wedge that has the blunt end. Likewise, the whole dimension of every sheet are 15 length by 8 width centimeters. In the vein zone, the leaves are rich green, yellow in the center, and light red along the perimeter of the edge.
Peperomia Clusiifolia is used to grow in bright tropics, where daylight hours are always long. However, for the culture, it is necessary to organize diffused lighting. Direct sunlight can cause burns on the leaves. The temperature regime should be stable and moderate. In summer and spring, the optimal temperature can be 22 to 23°C.
In the same way, in winter, during the dormant period, it is possible to organize coolness for the plant at a level of 16-17 °C. Still, the temperature should not fall below since Peperomia Clusiifolia may die. During active growth and development, this plant should be watered abundantly.
9. Peperomia Caperata
Peperomia caperata is the Peperomia species with unusual dark green leaves that seem to be covered with a network of deep wrinkles. This gives them relief, and the surface is velvety. In the recesses of the veins, the shade turns brown.
The leaves are small and heart-shaped, sitting on long pinkish petioles located close to each other. Their cluster looks like a bowl or rosette. The leaf blade is fleshy like the stem and contains a supply of water. This feature is because, in its native tropics, Peperomia caperata is an epiphyte plant.
Like other types of peperomia, Peperomia Caperata is small, up to 10 cm high. Due to its epiphytic nature, it has a poorly developed root system in the form of nodules or a long creeping rhizome. Now many varieties have been bred from the natural species of Peperomia caperata, which was identified and described in 1958. The plant blooms in summer, where it forms elongated vertical cobs that rise above the surface of the leaves. They are painted white, contrasting with the leaves, and the flowers have no scent.
10. Peperomia Columella
It is a fascinating species, striking with the originality of its leaves. Many leaves, emerald in color, similar to dragon scales, densely cover the stem. It grows to a height of only 20 cm, so it is better to plant it in groups. Upon reaching a certain age, the branches begin to bend in an arc, and then they can be grown in a pot and used as an ampules plant.
Peperomia Columella grows in crevices on cliffs. An endangered plant because it is found only in its type locality. The Latin columella is a column or leaves that are so close together that they hide the stem, giving the whole Peperomia Columella the shape of a small columnar body from which it takes its name.
It is a plant with a great appearance and is quite rare. Caring for Peperomia Columella is not tricky, and even a beginner can do it.
It grows pretty slowly, but it is small but beautiful. It is desirable to spray the plant in the summer, but the absence of spraying will not adversely affect it. This is mainly done to clean the leaves of dust. During the vegetative period, it is necessary to water abundantly and often. For irrigation, it is recommended to use soft and settled water.
The water temperature should be several degrees higher than room temperature. With the advent of autumn and until the end of winter, watering frequency decreases. In summer and spring, the temperature of the content should be about 23 degrees, but no more or less.
11. Peperomia Caespitosa
It is charming species with tiny leaves, which elongate and start the round as they mature to form the energetic and unique mini-showpiece. Its leaves are a half-inch wide or less even when they are fully mature.
Peperomia Caespitosa has colorful mottled maroon venation and red stems. When growing, the lighting should be diffused without direct sunlight. The best place for Peperomia Caespitosa would be east or west windows.
You can create diffused lighting on the southern windows using translucent fabric or paper. The plant is kept at room temperature throughout the year. In spring and summer, the temperature should be 20-22 °C. Likewise, in autumn and winter, the temperature should be within 18-22 °C but not lower than 16°C.
Watering should be moderate without waterlogging the ground. When the air temperature is lower, you need to let the topsoil dry in winter. Since Peperomia Caespitosa is in the tropics, it loves a slightly increased air humidity, which is easy to provide by spraying.
12. Peperomia Dolabriformis
Peperomia Dolabriformis is a real succulent with very original leaves. They look like circles folded in half, and there is a point at the ends. Also, they are attached to a thick trunk that forms a star-shaped rosette.
A dark green translucent border is formed in places where the leaves grow together. Peperomia Dolabriformis can grow up to 60 centimeters at home. It has unusual leaves that slightly resemble open pea pods.
The plant consists of several robust stems, on which sessile fleshy leaves are alternately located, up to 6 centimeters long and 0.5 centimeters thick. Equally important, the leaf blade is somewhat compressed in the vertical plane and is colored light green. Peperomia Dolabriformis is also called Happy Bob for the similarity of its leaves to the pods of legumes. It likes bright light but not direct sunlight.
Caring for this plant is the same as for any succulent. For successful growth in indoor conditions, it needs warmth throughout the year. In any case, winter should not be lower than 18 °C. Water Peperomia Dolabriformis moderately and allow the substrate to dry out, especially in winter.
13. Peperomia Dahlstedtii
This is a long-stemmed beauty plant of Tetragona for the longitudinal striping on a leaf surface. Peperomia Dahlstedtii is more succulent when compared to its counterpart but has a more significant color variation and springier growth pattern.
The strong stems trail when they lengthen; however they remain stiff to splay the outward from a plant. Peperomia Dahlstedtii is well-draining and light. Also, it’s an epiphyte with a small root system, drowned easily in heavy and holding soil. Typically, this is a Peperomia collector, but you can find it in many online sources and specialty shops.
Peperomia Dahlstedtii is treasured by plant growers for its modesty. Growing it is not difficult. It looks good in the combination with other flowers. Likewise, it is ornamented with window sills and balconies, and thanks to the miniature form, it may be grown in terrariums and bottle gardens.
A suitable temperature for Peperomia Dahlstedtii is 20 to 22°C. It does not tolerate large temperature fluctuations, so keeping it at about the same level is advisable. This plant does not like direct sunlight but needs soft diffused lighting.
More importantly, it grows well in partial shade. The best option for the location of the Peperomia Dahlstedtii would be an east or west window. It can also be placed in the back of the room on a shelf or table.
14. Peperomia Elongata
Peperomia Elongata is a feature-rich and energetic variety that tries to please everyone. Typically, it has ribbon-like, wavy, succulent foliage, which grows larger when compared to desktop Peperomia. The foliage is furry below and smooth and shiny on top.
Every leaf has lesser side veins and a white center midrib with the veins that fade when they reach a tip. Likewise, its stems are fuzzy and have a fascinating red mottling, the same as Obtusifolia. The spiky inflorescences are noticeable and have a bright maroon color.
Peperomia Elongata can be taken into the fresh air during the warm season. This is the succulent-type Peperomia, which does not tolerate flooding but appreciates bright and indirect light. Also, it can decline very fast in dimmer conditions. Watering is simple in that there is no clear boundary regarding when and how much to water. It is better to dry the soil a little than flood and leave the roots to rot.
All the year round, with the content of Peperomia Elongata, it is better to adhere to one temperature mark – about 22 degrees. It can drop a couple of degrees in winter, but no more. Equally important, it adjusts well to various humidity levels. Only periodically wipe the leaves from dust with a slightly damp cloth. Thus, there will be both cleaning and moisturizing.
This plant can be challenging to find, and it is even harder to identify it from other cultivars or similar Peperomia varieties. In the same way, it’s endemic to a wide range in South America and has the subforms which await further clarification. Therefore, be sure the seller is knowledgeable.
15. Peperomia Ecuador SP
Peperomia Ecuador SP is a scarce type of peperomia. It has voluminous, wide, and rounded leaves with deep veins. The color of the upper surface of the leaf blades can vary from light green to deep green.
More importantly, the underside of the leaf blades has shades from light burgundy to light brown. The air humidity for this plant should be optimal. It is good to purchase a humidifier and put a flower next. During the winter, spray the plant more often and put wet towels on the batteries.
The optimal temperature is between 22 and 24 degrees but not lower than 15. Typically, you can take a flower pot to a balcony or street in good and warm weather. Watering is required frequently, especially in the summer heat.
Moisten the soil every two days. In winter, the watering frequency is reduced to about one time in 10 days. In the same case, make sure there is no stagnant water in the soil. Always be guided by the soil condition where it should not dry out.
16. Peperomia Eburnea
This beautiful trailing Peperomia has heart-shaped leaves that taper to a stylish and tulip-like tip. Every small leaf has the prominent white mid-vein that makes the foliage unique among rambling and red-hued stems. This plant is seemingly from Guatemala though its exact needs are still being explored.
Peperomia Eburnea is a sleeper in the market, though its beauty makes it look. It does well in the terrariums. Essentially, it prefers bright lighting or light partial shade. It is recommended to protect it from direct sunlight as it burns the leaves.
The optimal indoor temperature for a successful growing season is considered normal, room temperature. In winter, it is not supposed to be lower than eight °C. Typically, the plant does not tolerate drafts.
The plant needs a measure of plentiful and regular watering in spring and summer. But this should not be carried away because Peperomia Eburnea is much better able to endure a non-long-term drought than an abundance of moisture, which causes rotting of the roots and stems. To prevent possible waterlogging during transplantation, drainage must be provided.
17. Peperomia Ferreyrae
Peperomia Ferreyrae is a plant with light green leaves. It is an attractive variety with leaves resembling green bean pods. Typically, the beauty lies in the foliage. This species grows naturally and is excellent as an ornamental pot plant. You can’t help to see it but smile when you see it. It has an unusual appearance, which is due to the original foliage.
The leaves are fleshy, elongated, and juicy, light green. They create a boat shape with an open dark green window at the top thanks to sharply curved edges. The leaves grow vertically, where they form a funny rosette-shaped hat at the top. Peperomia Ferreyrae reaches a height of 30 cm at home, and the leaves grow up to 5-7 cm in length. The plant grows slowly, so it retains its decorative effect for a long time.
18. Peperomia Fraseri
Peperomia Fraseri is in a family of Peperomia with beautiful flowers. Also known as Flowering Peperomia or Ivy-Leaf Pepper is a lovely species as a standalone plant. It has good-looking stiff and heart-shaped green leaves and rippling bold and texture red-hued stems. Also, it blooms freely with beautiful bottle-brush white flower spikes. In the same way, the flowers have a light and pleasant fragrance.
Peperomia Fraseri needs a care of semi-succulent Peperomia. It is a large upright variety, which can go one foot and a half tall. This plant does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil. In summer, it is necessary to water as it dries, and in the winter months, you need to reduce watering. Warm, soft water is best suited for irrigation.
Peperomia Fraseri does not like direct sunlight, as it naturally grows in shady places. Also, it does not grow in low light. Diffused lighting works best. The optimum temperature for keeping Peperomia Fraseri in winter will be 15 to 18 °C.
The maximum allowable temperature in summer is 25 °C. In hot weather, peperomia leaves begin to wilt. In this case, do not allow waterlogging of the soil. Also, spray the plant over the leaves to compensate for the lack of moisture.
19. Peperomia Fagerlindii
This is a delicate Peperomia with purplish stems and rounded teeny-tiny leaves. It can create a beautiful carpeting groundcover in a curtain or a terrarium of the hanging green. Every semi-succulent leaf is a quarter-inch wide and half-inch long.
At home, Peperomia Fagerlindii requires protection from direct sun. It is not recommended to install pots on the southern windows. Lighting should be bright but diffused and distant. Typically the best flower location is west direction. In spring and summer, you can shade the windows with transparent tulle. On the contrary, artificial lighting should be added with special lamps for several hours a day in winter.
Peperomia Fagerlindii loves water, and watering should be plentiful, one time in 6 to 7 days. In summer, watering is increased, and during the onset of autumn, watering is reduced with a reduced temperature regime. The substrate should be slightly damp. Water for irrigation should be clean, soft, and at room temperature.
The optimum air temperature throughout the year is 18 – 25 °C. In extreme heat, with additional moisture, it can withstand up to 28 °C. Temperature drop below ten °C is unacceptable, especially at high humidity. Sudden temperature changes affect the development and growth of the plant.
20. Peperomia Graveolens
Peperomia Graveolens is a peperomia species that looks like a sea coral with beautiful leaves. The leaves are light green above and ruby or burgundy below and curl slightly towards the burgundy stem. They grow up to 25 cm in height.
The plant blooms modestly in a long spikelet with light yellow flowers on long burgundy peduncles. In the spring and summer, Peperomia Graveolens feel good on the windowsills of the eastern, northern, and western windows. In winter, it needs more light, and the southern windows are suitable for growing.
Moderate watering is recommended during the growing season. Peperomia Graveolens must be watered more often, but watering is scarce in cold weather. Do not allow the earth to dry out in a pot because Peperomia Graveolens loves moisture but is extremely sensitive to waterlogging.
If you put this plant in the bedroom, you can get a good and healthy sleep. More importantly, the recommended air temperature is about 20°С to 25 °С. Practically, Peperomia Graveolens has no dormant period, so the exact temperature indicators should be maintained in winter.
21. Peperomia Griseo-Argentea
It is similar to silver Peperomia with round-ovate (bluntly pointed at the tip, heart-shaped at the base) and silver-green leaves. This plant has a metallic sheen, 5-7 cm long, collected in a rosette. The leaves have 7-9 arcuate veins located on long petioles that exceed the length of the leaf blade.
There are several varieties with darker leaves. In culture, there is also a dwarf form. Peperomia Griseo-Argentea is quite shade-tolerant, but its leaves do not tolerate direct light; they become lethargic and lifeless.
This plant tolerates typically a relatively wide range of room temperature, so it does not require specific detention conditions. Regular watering 2-3 times a week with soft and warm water is enough. It must be remembered that peperomia Griseo-Argentea has a supply of water in their leaves.
Therefore, with excessive watering and waterlogging of the soil, the leaves fall off, and the root system quickly rots. But the increased humidity of the air will not interfere with the foliage (especially at high room temperatures).
22. Peperomia Glabella
Peperomia Glabella is an imperious beauty with long shoots, a member of the Pepper family. It differs in oval light green leaves located on reddish stems. Peperomia Glabella has round leaves that grow densely, forming a lush hat.
Also, the leaves are smooth and fleshy and are arranged in the following order, characterized by a bright green color. The root system is branched, superficial. More importantly, Peperomia Glabella is a compact shrub with many creeping stems of 50 cm long.
During the flowering period, weak long greenish peduncles with inconspicuous whitish inflorescences appear on the bush. Since the plant is native to the tropics, it needs similar conditions for a comfortable existence. Making tit indoors is pretty easy.
It is necessary to provide the required humidity, temperature, and lighting to do this. The temperature for normal flower development in spring and summer is 20–22 °C. It is also necessary to spray the leaves with a spray bottle or wipe with a damp cloth in hot weather.
The light should be bright, diffused, and even light penumbra is suitable for the plant. Peperomia Glabella is resistant to dry air. High humidity won’t do any good. The average is quite reasonable – in the range of 50-60%. The leaves can be sprayed with water from a spray bottle or wiped with a damp cloth on scorching days.
23. ‘Hope’ Peperomia
‘Hope’ peperomia is the Peperomia species with hanging stems with small, green, and fleshy leaves that grow in groups of three or four. It is ideal for growing in hanging baskets. The long hanging stems of Hope peperomia grow small, thick, and fleshy leaves in groups of three or four.
Thanks to the compact growth, it is ideal for small spaces or limited spaces. Hope Peperomia is also great for desktops as it has a slow growth rate. It can produce tiny flowers on long spikes that grow at the ends of the stems. This plant has few flowers, and the plant rarely, if ever, blooms indoors.
‘Hope’ peperomia grows best in bright and filtered light. Absent of sunlight may cause unkempt and a long-legged appearance. Placing this plant in indirect sunlight provide compact and healthy growth.
Water ‘Hope’ Peperomia only occurs when the soil is partially dry. Make sure the topsoil is 2-3 inches dry before watering. Then carefully water the soil for planting. Allow any extra water to drain before you place the plant back on a drip tray.
24. Peperomia Hoffmannii
This is an attractive trailing Peperomia species with small, bright, rounded green leaves that drape gracefully from the container. Likewise, the growth pattern of this plant is the major attraction where the leaves’ cascades are complete, and the container will eventually disappear below the green curtain. It has tiny flower spikes, which have a cute accent.
Growing Peperomia Hoffmannii does not require any special effort. Adherence to the basic requirements of the content will help maintain the attractive appearance of this plant. This plant needs moderate lighting, so it is best to place it in the north-western or eastern part of the room. But in winter, the plant needs more light; otherwise, the leaves will lose color or fall off entirely.
The plant should be watered with soft water. In summer, Peperomia Hoffmannii should be watered once every two weeks, and in winter, it should be watered once every three weeks. You also need to make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out.
Watering should be carried out directly under the root, and the remnants of water should be drained. The comfortable temperature for growing Peperomia Hoffmannii is 20 and 24 °C. In winter, the temperature can be reduced to 17 and 18 °C. If you want to raise or lower the temperature in the flower room, you should not do it sharply.
25. Peperomia Hutchisonii
This plant looks like green living coral or a pile of botanical clams. It is of a folded-leaf type with a highly textured, grey-green surface, which looks like the toad’s skin. Even if it does not t look like Peperomia, caring is standard for higher-altitude varieties. If you want to diversify your collection, you can buy this plant. This distinctive Peperomia species is getting the attention, and you will have to look for it.
Peperomia Hutchisonii grows well in warm rooms at 20-26 °C. In winter, it is like a cooler environment with reduced light and daylight hours, optimally 17-18°C and not below 14°C. Bright diffused light is required with obligatory shading from direct sunlight in spring and summer from 12 to 16 o’clock.
In hot weather, after the pot’s soil dries thoroughly, you need to water it. When the content is cool (below 20 ° C), watering is rare in winter. The soil of Peperomia Hutchisonii should not be constantly wet because it quickly rots. Optimal humidity can be about 40-50%. You need to periodically spray the plant with hairless leaves to wash off dust and refresh the plant.
26. Peperomia Incana
Peperomia Incana is a plant found on the sunny slopes of the granite rocks of Brazil. Its shoots are densely white-tomentose pubescent. The leaves are alternate, almost rounded, 5 cm in diameter, and slightly narrowed towards the top with a developed midrib.
Typically, the optimal place for placement of the plant is windows with western or eastern orientation. Peperomia Incana is placed away from the window on windows with a southern orientation, or diffused light is created with a translucent cloth or paper.
Peperomia Incana needs a relatively warm content all year round. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature is 20-22°C. In autumn-winter, the optimum temperature is within 18-22°C and not lower than 16°C.
During the growing green mass, peperomia Incana requires intense watering with a soft liquid, which should be slightly warmer than the temperature in the room. Humidity is not particularly important for Peperomia Incana, but spraying can be applied, which is generally positive for the plant if the air is too dry.
27. Peperomia Japonica
This is a cheerful emerald-green epiphyte that makes a beautiful bushy hanging plant. Essentially, it has a myriad of oval, succulent, tiny leaves on dropping stems. The native area of this plant is in South Asia. Peperomia Japonica doeses well with semi-succulent Peperomia care by considering humidity and water, but it can adapt to the higher humidity to thrive in the terrarium.
This plant requires bright and indirect light, including late afternoon or some morning sun. This plant will let you tell if the light is very low by the growing leggy. Direct sunlight should not be allowed to fall on the leaves.
When grown on the south side, the plant is placed in the back of the room or scattered light with paper. The temperature should be average throughout the year. In summer and spring, peperomia at home feels best at about 22 °C. In winter, the temperature is reduced by just a couple of degrees, but a drop below 16 °C can lead to diseases.
Peperomia Japonica is watered abundantly during the growing season. Soft water is taken a couple of degrees warmer than room temperature and settled. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced; using the rule, it is better to under-water than over-water since excess moisture in the soil leads to root rot, which is always challenging to deal with.
This variety is not in the spotlight and may be hard to find in particular areas, but it is a friendly plant that can grow into an impressive fountain of leaves.
28. Peperomia Kimnachii
This is an unusual Bolivian variety with elongated and semi-succulent leaves, which form the upright clusters all over the leaf nodes. The sparse and dramatic stems have a reddish tint that concentrates around each node.
Unlike other Peperomia families, it is classic in terms of care. Typically, the amount of light affects the distance between the leaf clusters and will stretch in the low light so that not many growers could guess this is Peperomia Kimnachii.
This plant loves bright light, but the rays should not fall directly on the plant. In winter, you also need good bright lighting. It grows well in stronger light but may bleach if it is very bright. This amazingly decorative plant has become more sought-after because it gains exposure. Its availability depends on the area it is grown. It is essential to keep the temperature at approximately the same level almost every year.
It should be about 22 degrees in summer and winter – 20, but the thermometer strip can’t fall below 17. During the period of growing green mass, Peperomia Kimnachii requires substantial watering with a soft liquid, which should be slightly warmer than the temperature in the room. From autumn to winter, watering should be reduced. Moreover, the plant should dry out more than water stagnates in a pot.
29. Peperomia La Laja Trace
Peperomia La Laja Trace is a gorgeous desktop plant. Its long stems have subtle black variegation with petite leaves, which shimmers in the right light angle. It produces green, short inflorescences, which stay tidy even during full bloom.
Typically, this becomes the market newcomer inhabitant to the marine climate of Tobago and Trinidad islands, where you will get two seasons: dry and wet. While the precise care of Peperomia La Laja Trace is still determined, it is not demanding and appears happy with the Peperomia care. It’s outstanding for terrariums.
This plant grows in tropical and subtropical regions all over the world. With this in mind, it is susceptible to cold and frost, so one should find a bright corner but without direct sunlight in the house, where it is protected from drafts (both cold and warm) and in the room.
Also, Peperomia La Laja Trace can do well when the temperature is above 10ºC. The humidity of the environment should also be high, so put the pot on a plate with wet decorative stones, glasses, or bowls of water around it.
If we talk about irrigation, then it should be very small. Leaves store a lot of water, so if we overwater, we can lose it. So we will water very rarely: once every 7-10 days in summer and every 15 days in winter. It is better to be thirsty than to have a puddle for the substrate.
One can also use it for liquid fertilization in spring and summer. This plant can be found in specialty shops though it is becoming established. It is already well-known with collectors.
30. Peperomia Maculosa
Peperomia Maculosa is characterized by a thick and compact cap of powerful and fleshy leaves. The leaf plates are glossy and look impressive because of white-vanilla veins on a dense surface. The shape of the leaf plates is oval with pointed tops and a beautiful and uniform rich green color. Peperomia Maculosa is as unpretentious as all other representatives of peperomia and does not require any special conditions.
Peperomia Maculosa is located mainly in the lower tiers, so the light reaches it in a diffused form. It is this kind of lighting that is optimal. The temperature in the warm period should lie in the range from 20 °С to 22 °С. In the cold, it should be from 18 °С to 22 °С. Peperomia Maculosa death occurs at temperatures below 16°C. It is believed that air humidity is not critical for growing this plant.
However, almost all flower growers believe that with more than 50% air humidity, Peperomia Maculosa begins more active vegetation. Excessive watering, prolonged droughts, and non-periodic application of moisture significantly inhibit the growth of Peperomia Maculosa.
31. Peperomia Metallica
It is distinguished by short, thick, and juicy shoots located in lanceolate, slightly bent inward leaves. The upper surface of the leaf plates is painted in different shades of dark green or brown-burgundy with a metallic effect. It has a silver-green stripe located in the middle of the sheet.
The underside of the leaf plates has a contrasting burgundy hue. A distinctive feature of the Peperomia Metallica is the presence of a metallic sheen on the leaves. You will get peduncles thin with numerous yellowish flowers.
The plant requires a well-lit place without direct sunlight or partial shade where it can grow under artificial lighting. It can tolerate a wide range of pH, nutrient soil with excellent drainage is selected for cultivation. Watering should be regular during the warm season.
Between watering, dry the soil to 3 – 5 cm. In autumn, the frequency of watering is slightly reduced following the temperature of the content. Peperomia Metallica at home can be grown all year round at normal room temperatures ranging from 20 to 25 ° C. Do not expose the plant to temperatures below 15°C.
This plant adapts quite well to small changes in indoor humidity. However, flower growth can slow down significantly with a strong decrease in this indicator. Experts recommend spraying water on the pebbles that cover the soil to maintain optimum humidity. If the moisture in the room is slightly increased, then the vital activity of the plant will not be disturbed in any way.
32. Peperomia Monticola
This is the adorable dwarf plant with smooth and round leaves, which crowd like the tiny lily pads on top with thin and upright stems. It has pale flower spikes, which are exciting and attractive. They are dense and speckled with the tiny green flowers that cluster together where miniature columns rise above its foliage. The whole appearance of a plant is changed when it blooms.
During the year, it is necessary to maintain an average temperature. In the spring-summer period, it can vary by 22 degrees. Likewise, in winter, it can be reduced to 20 degrees. If it is lower, the plant will begin to hurt and die. Watering should be carried out all year round.
For winter, the soil should be slightly moist. It should dry out a little before the next watering. A large amount of moisture can cause the rotting of the roots, and when the soil is too dry, foliage falls off.
Similarly, Peperomia Monticola needs a lot of diffused sunlight. Bright sunlight should not fall on the leaves. As a diffuser, you can use paper sheets or a light curtain. Too much sunlight can cause wilting and wrinkling of the leaves. This plant can ultimately be content with artificial lighting.
33. Peperomia Nivalis
Peperomia Nivalis is the climbing plant that originated from Peru. It is the Peperomia genus and the family of Piperaceae. Essentially, it small that grows to about 1 to 2 inches tall. The plant produce the fleshy stems that has oval, dark green leaves. The fleshy and thick leaves are variegated and normally grow from 1 to 4 inches in length. Likewise, the creamy-gold variegation is one of the most striking features of sharp-edged flyers.
The Peperomia Nivalis forms a light green or white panicle rosette for most of the year. This plant is grown primarily for its ornamental foliage rather than for flowers. However, tiny flowers appear on mature, healthy, and well-fed plants.
The succulent exudes a characteristic scent of anise. It prefers bright indirect light and does well in low light. Ideally, Peperomia Nivalis needs a room temperature of 18 to 27 °C. You need to avoid direct sunlight as it affects the variegation of green leaves.
Peperomia Nivalis requires moderate but constant watering throughout the growing season. Watering it can sometimes be a challenging task. It is necessary to balance between preventing the complete drying of the soil and the risk of the slightest waterlogging. Usually, the soil can dry out almost to half the pot in the upper and partially middle layer.
34. Peperomia Obtusifolia
It is a common type of blunt peperomia with a yellowish border around the edge. The leaves are shiny due to the wax coating on their surface. In the same way, the venation is pronounced and has an arched shape. Flowering is the same as all other varieties – inconspicuous and spike-shaped. The shoots are initially erect and then bend down under their weight.
The most excellent decorative effect is achieved by hanging the pots on the wall or in the window opening, allowing the branches to hang down freely. Peperomia Obtusifolia loves partial shade and daily spraying with warm boiled water.
For a beginner, the content of peperomia Obtusifolia is difficult only because it does not tolerate neglect. Every morning it is necessary to check the soil moisture and perform traditional spraying. But bright greenery will be the best reward for daily attention.
35. Peperomia Orba
Peperomia Orba is a radiant plant with small, beautiful, egg-shaped leaves. The leaves are smooth and shiny green with creamy yellow edges. Likewise, different varieties of Peperomia Orba have different types of foliage. Some variegated species have charming green leaves with yellow margins. Others have light green and almost yellow leaves. As the plant matures, a white line runs down the center of the waxy leaf.
This easy-to-care peperomia grows well in most rooms and requires minimal maintenance. Water the plant only when the soil is dry, and make sure it has medium light. If you are looking for an exciting peperomia Orba, check out the temperature, soil, and air humidity.
36. Peperomia Perciliata
Peperomia Perciliata is a unique species with reddish trailing stems and small, fuzzy, and heart-shaped leaves. Its tight growth pattern with multiple branches and close-set, oval, and dark-green leaves make it an outstanding hanging specimen.
Typically, the prolific stems twist naturally, making it a superb ground cover. In the same way, Peperomia Perciliata is the minority of the Peperomia species with the desirable blooms. It has attractive and inch-long white flowers with a pleasing fragrance. Likewise, it’s considered endemic to Columbia and Panama.
Peperomia Perciliata grows well in terrariums, hanging baskets, or sunny places. It is easy to care for, and even a novice grower can handle its maintenance. Peperomia Perciliata prefers loose and light soils that do not retain water and pass air well.
Besides, it requires bright diffused light without direct, scorching midday sun. The leaves are tender so that the rays can leave burns on them. Peperomia Perciliata is generally undemanding to air humidity, although they exist at a humidity of about 60% under natural conditions.
37. Peperomia Prostrata
Peperomia Prostrata is a miniature member of the Peperomia family with delicate leaves resembling a turtle shell. Typically, it is a popular semi-succulent plant for hanging baskets, terrariums, or indoors. The plant has up to 1 cm long and rounded leaves. Likewise, the leaves are variegated with silver or bronze spots, and the stem is reddish. The flowering of Peperomia Prostrata looks like a small spikelet.
This plant loves moisture; therefore, it is necessary to spray with water at room temperature from time to time. You have to be careful with watering since the plant may disappear or rot when overflowing. Peperomia prostrata is suitable for beginners since it is unpretentious and does not require special care. It loves lighting; however, there is not always sunny in the room.
There are offices without windows or rooms where the sun is rare, especially in winter. Then you need to use the proper artificial lighting. Peperomia Prostrata is low and creeps along the ground. You can also plant it in a pot and stretch its branches down. Branches need to be trimmed from time to time and then grown back in the ground.
38. Peperomia Pereskiifolia
This luxurious little epiphyte is the creeping Peperomia with many pizzazz. It has lovely oval and pointed leaves, lightly arrayed and ridged on thick, springy, and semi-succulent stems.
The leaf nodes of Peperomia Pereskiifolia are widely spaced, and the growth pattern is outward and opens in all directions, which gives the plant kinetic and cheery energy. The red stems of this plant start to the trail when it grows heavy with the leaves.
The new foliage has an attractive red border, which fades with maturity. It is an easy keeper, provided you match watering and lighting conditions. Peperomia Pereskiifolia is more existing in some places than others, but it is worthy of hunting down. Typically, it makes an ideal beginner and can grow in a remarkable hanging centerpiece.
The plant needs intensive watering in spring and summer. At other times of the year, it is recommended to reduce the frequency of soil moisture. Fleshy leaves can independently provide moisture reserves. But if the specimen has delicate foliage and a thin stem, dry air can harm it.
Therefore, you should take care of additional moisture by installing water containers nearby. Peperomia Pereskiifolia does not need high humidity, does not tolerate dampness, and is resistant to dry air. Spraying the plant can only be done on very hot days. Or periodically wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. These procedures are pretty enough for good growth.
39. Peperomia Polybotrya
Peperomia Polybotria is an easy-to-care and relatively compact plant with heart-shaped and luscious foliage. It can reach a height of 30-35 cm or less. Likewise, Peperomia Polybotria belongs to the Pepper family or the Piperaceae family. It grows in South America’s tropical areas, including Colombia and Peru. It can also be grown in the greenhouse or under indoor conditions.
It is distinguished by large heart-shaped leaves resembling water lilies. Leaf plates have a color from pale green to dark green the surface seems to be covered with a thin layer of wax. The height of the flower itself never exceeds 20 cm.
The peduncles of Peperomia Polybotria are slim, tall, and have a dark brown color. Also, the flowers are small and yellow. The flowers are spikelet-shaped, and the peduncles always rise above the leaves and stems.
Peperomia Polybotria is recommended with bright diffused lighting and partial shade and negatively reacts to direct sunlight. It is unnecessary to spray this plant as water rolls off its glossy leaves and is not absorbed. The air temperature recommended is about 20 °С to 25 °С.
Moderate watering is recommended where Peperomia Polybotria must be watered more often during the growing season. In cold weather, watering is scarce. Do not allow the earth to dry out in a pot because this plant loves moisture.
40. Peperomia Quadrangularis
Peperomia Quadrangularis is a member of the Piperaceae family native to northern South America. It is also found in abundance in Brazil and Panama. Peperomia Quadrangularis is compact and takes up little space wherever you place it.
It has thick, dark green, variegated leaves, making it the perfect addition to your houseplant collection. Likewise, the leaves are stripped oblong dark green that grow up to 1 inch.
Peperomia Quadrangularis produces attractive white flowers that look like boots or lollipops. The flowering season is spring and summer. This creeping species can grow up to 12 inches long, and it is not a complex plant. The plant will thrive in light that ranges from partial shade to filtered sun. Even though it is often classified as a succulent, it needs to be watered regularly.
For proper growth, make sure the soil remains moist. But don’t overwater the plant, as this can damage the plant. Peperomia Quadrangularis responds well to regular fertilizing with liquid houseplant fertilizers.
Also, there is a fertilizer explicitly designed for it, but you can only buy it in specialized stores or via the Internet. As an alternative, fertilizer for ornamental plants and a universal complex fertilizer are perfect.
41. Peperomia ‘Ruby Cascade’
Peperomia’ Ruby Cascade’ is a grape peperomia with oval green and purple leaves. Its disc-shaped and thick waxy leaves grow on ruby red stems up to 12 inches long. Peperomia Ruby Cascade is best grown in hanging baskets to give the vines room to grow. The leaves accumulate moisture, so plant care is minimal.
Most importantly, it is easy to care for and value the home. Diffused lighting is sufficient, making it feel good even on the northern windows. Peperomia’ Ruby Cascade’ requires water, and it requires well-settled soft water. In the warm season, watering is carried out immediately, as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries out.
In winter, watering is reduced, and the earth mixture is moistened when two days have passed after the top layer of the soil mixture has dried. Likewise, it is recommended to moisten the foliage regularly twice a day in the evening and morning in the hot season.
It is recommended to moisten the foliage regularly twice a day in the evening and morning during the hot season. And to remove dust from the foliage, it is regularly wiped with a moistened sponge.
42. Peperomia Rubella
Peperomia Rubella is a beautiful small plant with fleshy and elliptical leaves found in groups of four. It has bright scarlet red stems and undersides of leaves. The top of the leaves is green with a unique pattern.
It grows upright to about 4 inches and then falls and spreads like a vine. In summer, it produces greenish-white, panicle-like flower spikes. Peperomia Rubella has average watering needs. Although this plant require slightly moist soil, it’s very sensitive to waterlogging.
For best results, it should be stored in indirect light. You can choose any location with moderate to high light levels for this plant. The ideal lighting conditions for this plant is a bright light, but it can also handle low light levels.
Peperomia Rubella is not picky about temperature and will grow well at an average house temperature of 5.5 to 26 degrees Celsius. The Peperomia Rubella plant tolerates high humidity levels very well, but it thrives well in medium humidity. The humidity of 60-90% is favorite.
43. Peperomia Rotundifolia
Peperomia Rotundifolia is in the form of a small shrub with creeping up to 30 cm long stems. The leaves are alternate, flat, and rounded about 2 cm in diameter. Young leaves differ from more mature leaves in their color, where they are covered with a grid of brownish veins. A characteristic feature of young leaves is an almost invisible mesh of brown veins.
On the other hand, adult shoots are painted bright green. Peperomia Rotundifolia blooms in autumn, and during the flowering period, fragile purple peduncles appear on the plant with inconspicuous whitish inflorescences.
It is used as an ampelous, decorative and deciduous plant in culture. The greenery of Peperomia Rotundifolia is of more excellent value than flowers. It requires diffused light and no direct sunlight.
This plant is resistant to dry air, but it develops better in high humidity conditions. It needs to be sprayed with warm and soft water. In spring and summer, plentiful, smooth, and tepid water (2-3C warmer than the air in the room) is required. Likewise, in the autumn-winter period, watering is moderate.
44. Peperomia Rugosa ‘Aussie Gold’
This is a sensational cultivar with red venation and gold-colored foliage. Its heart-shaped and broad leaves are displayed around a thick reddish central stem. The word rugosa indicates the wrinkled variety; therefore, this Peperomia species is the potential favorite of people who love the textured plants. This is a lovely and all-green plant.
Peperomia Rugosa ‘Aussie Gold’ has a wide range of availability. Although it is common in Australia, where the word ‘Aussie Gold’ is derived, it is scarcer in the northern hemisphere. Typically, if you love its look and the local market has no such plant, consider looking for the same variety with the orange cast known as ‘Harmony’s Great Pumpkin.’
The plant needs watering throughout the year. In spring and summer, watering should be plentiful, and it should be slightly reduced in winter. It is important to remember that Peperomia Rugosa ‘Aussie Gold’ tolerates drought and excess moisture equally poorly. The best place for growing it is the east and west windows. South windows should be avoided so that direct sunlight does not cause damage to the leaves.
You should shade the flower if you still have to grow a plant on the southern windows. Likewise, if the rays can hit the leaves, they lose their shape, shrivel, wither, and die.
Given that this Peperomia does not have a dormant period, it can be grown all year round at the same temperature. As a rule, the classic temperature regime for this plant is perfect where in summer, it is 20 to 22 degrees, and in winter, it is 18 to 20 degrees.
45. Peperomia Serpens (syn: Scandens)
Peperomia Serpens is an epiphytic perennial plant that comes from the swampy forests of the tropical latitudes of the American continent. In nature, it grows on large trees. Its stems are vertical, hanging, or recumbent. The shape of the Peperomia Serpens leaf plate is flattened-ovoid.
There is a heart-shaped notch at the base and the leaves, which are arranged alternately. Their color can be either green or variegated. Flower growers value it as an ampule plant for the decorativeness of small green or variegated leaves arranged in tiers on reddish stems.
Peperomia Serpens grown at home need a large amount of bright light, but they must be diffused. Keep the foliage out of direct sunlight.
If the plant is located on the south window, then the light is scattered with a light curtain or paper sheets, and it can also be placed deep into the room. The temperature throughout the year should be average. In spring and summer, the optimum air temperature is about 22 degrees.
During the growing season, watering should be plentiful while taking soft and well-settled water, slightly warmer than room temperature. Peperomia Serpens, grown indoors, does not need any particular humidity. However, it should be noted that it responds positively to regular spraying.
46. Peperomia Tetragona (syn: P. Puteolata)
It is a highly decorative succulent, which is a genus of succulent plants of the Crassula family. The homeland of this plant is in South Africa, Madagascar, and the Arabian Peninsula. It is a tree-like shrub, but there are also quite miniature varieties.
Essentially, one common feature of this succulent is an exciting arrangement of crosswise and opposite leaves. The leaves of different species have different shapes and colors. They have a pointed, oval, or lanceolate shape. At first, young shoots are green and then begin to woody with age.
Essentially, Peperomia Tetragona is one of the most natural and hardy plants that grow even in unfavorable areas like marshy or arid places. It grows well in bright sunlight and diffused light, as well as in shading.
Windows of east, south, and southwest orientation are ideal for Peperomia Tetragona. Also, it is suitable in any humidity, but it is worth remembering that this plant absorbs moisture well. Also, it does well at normal room temperature.
47. Peperomia Trinervis
This is a striking species with thick, almond-shaped leaves with clean, parallel, white venation over the green surface. It features maroon-hued undersides. There is the attractive and eye-catching foliage glints and hangs in the light. The trailing green stems of Peperomia Trinervis have burgundy at the nodes.
Similarly, it is an excellent terrarium variety, but it requires bright and indirect light to prevent thinning and sluggish growth. Peperomia Trinervis needs abundant but diffused lighting all year round. Direct rays should not fall on its leaves.
If a flower pot is kept in a closed south window, it should be protected from light with a light curtain or paper sheets. Peperomia Trinervis needs more moisture than other Peperomia species. It is essential to know when it needs water.
This plant prefers moderate warmth throughout the year. In spring and summer, it is advised to keep it at temperatures up to + 20-22 degrees: in the heat, the plant’s foliage begins to wither. The room can be several degrees cooler 18-20 degrees in winter.
Though Peperomia Trinervis has a unique appearance among Peperomia, it resembles the family. At times it is sold as the synonym of Leuconeura, but finding one by any of the names is lucky.
48. Peperomia Verschaffeltii
This plant, also known as Sweetheart Peperomia from Brazil, is the dwarf Watermelon Peperomia. It has fuzzy, oval, bluish-green leaves and wide silver bands on the surface. You will get red-tinted stems that remain compact with the overlapping leaves, which grow in the rosette pattern.
Peperomia Verschaffeltii grows to a height of about six inches and more. It blossoms in thick spikes, which resemble a spathe Peace Lily (but green rather than white).
Likewise, it is a specialty plant be found widely online or in the market. Caring for this plant is the same as the larger species of Watermelon, and it rots quickly. There is a need for porous soil. Peperomia Verschaffeltii loves good lighting, but it must be protected from direct sunlight.
From an excess of light, the leaves may fade or fall off. For this reason, place the pot on an east or west window sill in the summer. Peperomia Verschaffeltii originated from the tropics, and therefore, for its comfortable existence, it is necessary to create suitable temperature conditions in the apartment.
The temperature should be 20-25 °C all year round because it does not have a dormant period. Humidity for the plant is not critical. It feels excellent both in tropical rainforests and in arid urban apartments. Spraying Peperomia Verschaffeltii is not worth it – water rolls off its smooth leaves and is not absorbed.
Watering this plant should be moderate. The root system is small, and it does not tolerate excess moisture. Frequent waterlogging is unacceptable, and it can lead to root rot. Therefore, there must be drainage holes at the bottom of the pot, and excess water from the pot must be drained immediately.
49. Peperomia Verticillata
Peperomia Verticillata is a compact shrub consisting of several strong and upright shoots. It differs in the double color of the leaf plates. The upper part of the leaves is dark green, with the underside being deep red. Likewise, the leaves are fleshy, smooth, velvety, and rounded heart-shaped.
The arrangement of leaves on the stems can be alternate or whorled. Peperomia Verticillata blooms with small white, cream, or pale green flowers collected in graceful cob inflorescences or spirally twisted spikelets, resembling the mouse tails.
Both stems and leaves are pubescent with grayish hairs. The edge becomes thick with a lack of moisture, and the leaves are small and thin. If there is excess moisture, the leaves will be large, but the pubescence is weak. Both stems and leaves are pubescent with grayish hairs.
Peperomia Verticillata is often considered a plant that cannot develop normally in the usual environment of offices and living rooms, forgetting about the fleshy leaves and dislike of dampness.
It needs special watering and the right temperature to survive. The entire period of growth of Peperomia Verticillata must be watered abundantly enough. For this, only soft water is used. It should be slightly warmer than the temperature in the room. The soil should be allowed to dry out by about half between waterings.
50. Peperomia Vestita Var. Lindenii
No qualified grower will be astonished at the Peperomia’s diversity, but this plant impresses anyway for its appearance like a tree. It is a thick-trunked and tropical tree. The plant has rounded and oval leaves, which are slightly three inches long, and grows directly from a central stem. It loses the lower leaves when the plant matures and takes up the classic tree form.
Peperomia Vestita var. Lindenii need to be watered abundantly and often, only with the advent of autumn. During winter, watering is significantly reduced. But you cannot over moisten the soil as well as over dry it.
Water for irrigation must be settled, and make sure it is slightly above room temperature. Since this plant comes from humid tropical countries, where it grows under the forest canopy, an east or west window would be an ideal place.
With excessive lighting, its leaves immediately wrinkle and begin to dry. But if the lighting is insufficient, there is a risk that the plant will take on an unsightly appearance. The optimum temperature varies from 15 to 18 degrees. The main thing is that the thermometer does not exceed +25 degrees. Because in extreme heat, the foliage begins to fade, turns yellow, and falls off.
Peperomia Care Tips
Care Placement and lighting
You should adequately care for Peperomia to grow well at home. This plant should be placed on the western or eastern windowsill. In these places, it will feel great. Do not allow direct sunlight to fall on the plant; otherwise, it may affect the leaves. If you put a tank with a plant on the south window sill, you need to create a shadow.
If the care of the plant is competent, then it will retain its attractiveness for a long time. With excessive light, the leaves may begin to wilt and wrinkle. The types of Peperomia with a pure green color of the leaves will feel better in shady places, but varieties of variegated foliage need bright, diffused lighting. For varieties with variegated leaves, artificial light can be created.
Care for Peperomia must be competent so that it has a beautiful appearance. The temperature in the room where the plant is located should be 20 to 23 degrees, and in winter, it can be 17 to 21 °C. When you transplant, you must take into account the temperature of the soil, it should not be less than 17 °C, and otherwise, the root system may have hypothermia. This is a very important recommendation to follow.
Likewise, make sure the window sill on which the plant pot is located is not cold. If this is observed, it is advisable to put a piece of polystyrene under the flowerpot or rearrange the pots to another place. The indoor Peperomia is exceptionally negative about drafts, so do not allow this. Also, it is not recommended to take out Peperomia to the street or balcony in warm weather.
Proper plant care includes watering. Peperomia needs to be watered in the warm and cold seasons. Only in spring and summer watering should be plentiful, but in late autumn and winter, the watering frequency is reduced.
When the soil dries out a little, then you can perform the next watering. It is not recommended to allow the soil to be too dry or excessively wet. Excessive moisture will cause root rot, and dry soil will cause leaves to fall. For irrigation, use settled water.
At home, Peperomia is fed all year round. Professionals advise making complex mineral fertilizers. In the warm season, you need to feed Peperomia once a month. In winter, fertilizers should be applied once every 30 days.
A young Peperomia needs to be transplanted annually in the spring, preferably in April. When the plant is three years old, transplantation should be done every two years. When transplanting, it is optimal to use loose soil to pass air and water well. The soil can be purchased at a specialized store or prepared by you at home.
You also need to take care of good drainage. Depending on the size of the root system, you need to select a container for transplantation. Peperomia feels excellent in a wide but not too deep pot. Each time you transplant it, use a tank slightly larger than the previous one. Care must be competent so your indoor flower will have a beautiful appearance.
1. Propagation by division
The most popular method of Peperomia propagation is the division of the plant. To do this, you need to dig up your plant and then carefully divide it using a secateurs. Typically, the newly divided plant portions are potted into the right potting media, containing the controlled release fertilizer.
2. Propagation by cuttings
Planting cuttings at home is carried out in spring and summer. To do this, cut off the top of the cutting with one node and place it in a substrate. This consists of the following ingredients: sand, leaf soil, and peat.
All components must be taken in the same proportion and mixed well. The container must be covered with a film or glass. Care for the cuttings must be carried out appropriately to be well rooted. The air temperature should be 25 °C for a whole month. You can also use another rooting method – place the cutting in a vessel with water, and after a certain period, young roots will appear.
3. Propagation by leaves
You should take a leaf with a short handle and plant it in a soil substrate or wet sand for this propagation method. The soil can be used the same as for cuttings. Care should be carried out in the same way as when planting a petiole.
Diseases and pests
If the care is not appropriate, Peperomia can be affected by various pest diseases. The most common insects that can appear on a flower are mealybug, thrips, scab, and nematode. If peperomia sheds leaves, it is necessary to increase the frequency of watering and increase the temperature regime.
In the presence of drafts or sudden temperature changes, brown spots appear on the leaves. Excessive moisture leads to root rot. Also, with excessive humidity, diseases such as rotting of the root collar and roots can develop. If you create the proper care, diseases and pests will not affect your plant.
Peperomias are popular plants in indoor floriculture. About 1000 varieties of this culture are known. Consider caring for a flower at home. You need to know that Peperomias are an unpretentious culture that is easy to care for. For successful cultivation, no professional skills and knowledge are required.