Philodendron Paraiso Verde is a gorgeous and rare plant, which is always attractive. Their major attraction is leaves, which are extraordinary and beautiful and have unique colors.
The leaves are long, and the stems are small. This variety is picky about the light intensity. As a rule, the leaves do not have variegation or are weakly expressed.
According to the variety, a bright color appears on 3-5 leaves with sufficient lighting. Philodendron Paraiso Verde is a low-maintenance plant, which does not take much time to grow.
It is always a reason for having it in your house. Likewise, it is not a large plant though some of its species are large.
Caring for Philodendron Paraiso Verde
Most Philodendrons require bright but diffused light during daylight hours. This is especially true for varieties with the variegated color of leaf plates. In insufficient light, they will begin to stretch, and the leaves will begin to shrink and lose their bright color.
Therefore, if you put a flowerpot with a Philodendron Paraiso Verde near a lighted window in an openwork shade, you will not go wrong.
It is in such places that this plant fully reveals its beauty. Direct sun rays can spoil the appearance of the leaves, so it is better to exclude them from falling on the plant thoroughly.
During the spring-summer period, the air temperature in the room should be at least 23 to 28 ° C. If the temperature rises higher, make sure that Philodendron Paraiso Verde is watered abundantly and the humidity in the room is higher.
Otherwise, this plant will lose its decorative effect from the heat. In winter, the temperature should not fall below 16 ° C.
The plant does not tolerate sudden temperature changes at any time of the year. Do not place a flower pot near heating devices, air conditioners, or windows while airing the room because Philodendron Paraiso Verde does not like drafts either.
Ignoring this rule will lead to the fact that the leaves on the flower will begin to grow unevenly.
The soil in a pot of Philodendron Paraiso Verde should always be slightly moist; moisture should always be present at the roots but not stagnate there.
Stable and constant moisture in the substrate guarantees that the plant will feel good. You can successfully use ready-made substrates for decorative deciduous crops with charcoal and pieces of sphagnum moss.
The main thing is that the soil for Philodendron Paraiso Verde is light, loose, moisture, and air permeable. But at the same time, nutritious, with a slightly acidic or neutral pH.
Another good potting mix for this plant is a ready-made substrate for Orchids. It is only necessary to add a mixture of humus (1 h), sod land (3 h), peat (1 h), and sand (0.5 h).
In nature, the rainy season is replaced by periods of drought, but even with these conditions, the air remains quite humid.
Therefore, the Philodendron Paraiso Verde can absorb moisture from the atmosphere through its aerial roots. It is impossible to achieve such environmental parameters at home, so it is necessary to establish the irrigation regime correctly.
Likewise, it is essential not to allow the soil to dry out, since this primarily affects the size of the leaves. It is necessary to water the culture often and abundantly, but so that there is no waterlogging, the roots begin to rot, and the plant dies very quickly.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde grows well and looks spectacular only at high ambient humidity. You must achieve this by all methods known and available to you.
Moisten the surrounding space near the plant with a spray bottle. Spray the leaves, aerial roots, and the support they are attached to (if the support is covered with moss or some substitute such as synthetic material). The support should never dry completely.
Wipe the plant leaves with a damp cloth. This procedure should be carried out regularly, as the large leaves of Philodendron Paraiso Verde quickly become covered with dust.
Do this carefully because the leaves are very fragile. Place in wide containers with water next to the plant to create a humid microclimate near the plant.
In the summertime, Philodendrons love to be bathed in the shower. If your plant allows such procedures because of its size, bathe it every week.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde is among those plants whose root system grows more slowly than the ground part.
Young and newly planted plants grow quietly in one pot for a year if you planted a flower with a margin of 2-3 cm more than the root system. Transplant adult plants every 3-4 years; by this time, their roots will indeed be woven into a tight ball.
Plan a transplant at the end of March, beginning of April. Transfer the Philodendron Paraiso Verde with a lump of earth into a pot, 3 to 4 cm wider and 5 to 7 cm higher than before.
Place the support in the pot immediately. It is not advisable to use a pot that is too large because this can cause waterlogging of the soil and, as a result, root rot.
At the bottom of the pot, one-third of its height pre-lay a good layer of drainage material. It is better if these are pieces of brick, pebbles, and large pebbles, then the stability of the pot will be better.
Then use a layer of fresh soil. Fill all the voids inside the pot with the same soil after placing the transplanted bush there.
Ensure all the plant roots are covered with soil, and the root collar is not buried. Water the soil, and if the soil has settled heavily, add more soil to the pot and water again.
Propagation of Philodendron Paraiso Verde
1. Propagation by seeds
This method is the most troublesome and time-consuming; therefore, breeders often resort to it to develop new varieties. The plant seeds are pretty small, so they should be planted shallow – no more than 50 mm.
The substrate should be used loosely. You can add a few pine needles to it for better water and air permeability. The reaction of the soil should be slightly acidic.
2. Propagation by aerial roots
Aerial roots can propagate philodendron Paraiso Verde. To do this, it is tilted into the ground, fixed, and moistened to give roots. After that, you can carefully cut off the young shoot and transplant it into a separate container.
3. Propagation by cuttings
Cuttings also propagate philodendron Paraiso Verde. The apical shoots with 2-3 internodes are cut off and placed in water. To prevent decay, activated carbon is added to it or tinted with a solution of methylene blue.
You can add a little Kornevin to the water for accelerated root formation and create greenhouse conditions. For successful root growth, the vessel should be placed in a warm place at a heating level of 25-30 degrees.
Pests and diseases
Aphids are small greenish insects. They feed on the vital juices of the plant and multiply quite quickly, turning into a colony in just a few weeks. If you ignore the problem promptly, the plant may die.
At the initial stage, treatment with soapy water will help, but if aphids have stuck to the green parts of the plant, then you should give preference to chemicals.
- Spider mite
The spider mite is such a small parasite that it is impossible to notice with the naked eye. Its appearance can be judged by the whitish cobweb, which is challenging to eliminate physically. It is best to use modern fungicidal preparations.
Thrips are small insects that live in the upper layers of the soil. From time to time, they crawl out and begin to feed on the green parts of the plant, after which the fox takes on a greyish-brown hue.
To get rid of them, the Philodendron Paraiso Verde should be treated with tobacco infusion and by all means transplanted with a complete replacement of the earthen coma. Otherwise, the struggle will not make any sense.
Mealybug affects young leaves and young shoots. Their appearance can be judged by white cotton balls on the sheets, while they are not removed with soapy water.
To save the plant, you need to wipe it with a sponge dipped in alcohol, and after half an hour, give the Philodendron Paraiso Verde a warm shower.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde is a unique plant with aerial roots that absorb moisture and nutrients directly from the air. They can penetrate the bark and grow to the tree to allow the philodendron to dig into the supports.
Subject to the conditions for caring for a Philodendron Paraiso Verde and creating comfortable conditions for its growth, it can become a real highlight of any interior. This plant has long won the hearts of flower growers worldwide and has become one of the most popular indoor crops.