Carrots belong to the category of vegetables that each gardener grows on their site. It does not require complex care, so getting a good harvest is not too difficult. But, despite this, few people saw how this plant blooms and where seeds are formed.
But you can get high-quality planting material on your own if you know how to do it correctly. This makes it possible to prepare the variety of seeds you like and at the same time save money. Therefore, you should figure out how to achieve the desired result.
Where Do Carrot Seeds Come From?
Not everyone knows that carrots are a two-year-old crop. During the first year, the plant forms a root crop, and in the second year, it blooms and forms seeds.
But in the conditions of the northern and central regions, carrots do not hibernate in the open field. Therefore, to get carrot seeds, you need to store them in the basement.
Moreover, the specimens intended for obtaining planting material should be kept separately from the main crop in a box with wet sand.
In the conditions of the southern regions, these root crops can survive in the ground in winter. However, experienced gardeners do not recommend doing this since the plant will form only barren flowers the following year.
And this will make it impossible to obtain high-quality planting material. Carrot seeds are very similar in appearance to parsley, but when pressed, they become yellowish.
The grains are oval-elongated and have ribbing on the surface with small spikes. When ripening, the seeds acquire a uniform brown shade with a slight sheen. And when ready, they easily spill out of the inflorescences.
How To Get The Carrot Seeds Of Your Favorite Variety At Home
To get quality seeds, you need to know how to germinate carrots in the country. To do this, during harvesting, you need to select well-developed root crops. The quality of the seeds depends on how this procedure is carried out correctly.
The carrot crops should:
- Have the correct shape
- Uniform color
- Match the variety
- Have no signs of rot and mechanical damage
After that, they need to be stored in the basement until spring. When laying for storage in a box with wet sand, the selected specimens must be carefully trimmed with the leaves not to damage the apical growth point.
It is necessary to save carrots intended for obtaining seeds at temperatures of between 2 and 6 degrees.
When And How to Plant the Carrots to Get Seeds
A garden bed for planting carrot crops, intended for obtaining seeds, must be prepared in the fall. To do this, it should be dug up, and the roots of all perennial weeds are carefully removed.
And further work should be carried out in the spring. Unlike other seeds, which are highly resistant to low temperatures, it is recommended to plant carrot crops when there is a threat of return frosts, and the soil warms about 10 to 15 degrees.
Depending on the region’s climatic conditions, planting should be carried out in late May or early June. It is recommended to initially planting the carrot crops in pots in the northern areas, and when warm weather sets in, transfer them with a lump of the earth to the open ground.
Before planting, the prepared bed must be loosened to improve the aeration of the soil. You can plant tubers next to 3-5 pieces, which will enhance pollination or in rows at a distance of 30-40 cm.
When planting, you need to dig holes, the depth of which should be commensurate with the length of the root crop. Water them abundantly and when the moisture is absorbed, set the vegetables vertically with the sharp end down.
In this case, the blunt side of the root crop must be at the level of the soil. Then compact the soil and mulch with humus, which will prevent them from drying out.
How To Properly Care for And Feed Carrots for Seeds
For carrot crops to sprout faster and begin to develop, you need to provide them with proper care. It includes standard procedures.
- Watering in the absence of rain as the soil dries out
- Loosening the soil between root crops after each wetting
- Timely removal of weeds as they grow
Throughout the entire ripening period, it is necessary to mulch the plants periodically. Thanks to this, it is possible to ensure a sufficient humidity level and regulate temperature drops that occur throughout the day.
You should also treat the plant, if necessary, from pests and diseases. An essential role for obtaining high-quality seed material is by a top dressing of root crops, depending on their stage of development.
During the period of active growth of the carrots, it is recommended to use fertilizers with high nitrogen content. These include urea and ammonium nitrate, and they need to be used in a proportion of 30 grams per 10 liters of water.
Within two months after planting carrots, peduncles begin to grow. To obtain quality seeds, it is recommended to leave only the strongest and remove the rest. And so that they do not break, it is recommended to tie them to the pegs.
During flowering and seed formation, carrots need to be fertilized with superphosphate (40 g) and potassium sulfide (25 g) in a bucket of water.
These nutrient components improve the planting material and increase the resistance of future seedlings to unfavorable external factors.
When To Collect Carrot Seeds
The collection of carrot seeds must be carried out in several stages. This is because carrot seeds do not ripen at the same time. In August, the umbellate inflorescences begin to acquire a brown hue and shrivel. This means that you can start harvesting.
A detailed description of the procedure on how to properly collect carrot seeds:
- Cut off the umbrellas-inflorescences with a shoot 20-25 cm long
- Tie them into bundles of several pieces
- Place in linen bags
- Hang in a dry and dark place for ripening
- After 7-10 days, put on gloves, and rub the inflorescences with your hands over the paper
In the end, you need to sort the seeds. To do this, they should be immersed in cold water. Husks and unripe light specimens will remain on the surface, which must be drained.
Repeat the procedure several times so that only the seeds remain, which have sunk to the bottom. This indicates that there is a full-fledged embryo inside them.
The planting material must be scattered on paper in one layer and dried at room temperature at the end of sorting.
The Advantage of Growing Carrots for Seeds
- Allow you to achieve the yield declared in the annotation
- There is no risk of accidental misgrading of seeds or outright falsification of expensive popular varieties, which is possible when purchasing in the retail outlets
- Storage rules are followed strictly, which directly affects germination
- Growing carrot for seeds allows you to be confident in its quality and save money by refusing to buy purchased material.
Carrots can be found on the site of almost every resident. This is because it does not need complex care and, at the same time, has a good yield. However, not everyone knows how this plant forms seeds. If you adhere to this article, you will know where carrot seeds come from.