Cucumbers are one of the most ancient and popular vegetable crops. They are one of the few vegetables that are eaten unripe. The greener and smaller their fruits, the tastier they are.
People began to actively cultivate cucumbers in ancient times, about six thousand years ago, as evidenced by finds near Khazar, the city of Sarkepa, where dried cucumber seeds were found.
The Greeks called these vegetable aguros, which means unripe and unripe, where the name cucumber came from.
Cucumbers were brought to Europe from India, where its ancestor grows wild cucumber, a tropical liana with long lashes growing in forests. Cucumbers contain a large number of useful trace elements and have excellent taste.
Caring for them is simple, but certain conditions must still be observed. So, why are my cucumbers yellow and fat? To answer this, timely watering, fertilizing, and loosening the soil are the preventive measures to combat pests and pathogens.
Why are my cucumbers yellow and fat?
Cucumbers turn yellow and fat because of excess water. If you cut them along, you will see many seeds.
Also, yellow cucumbers can be overripe if you grow the yellow cucumber varieties and are unfamiliar with them. On the other hand, insufficient watering can result in the formation of small cucumbers.
Proper growing cucumbers to combat yellow color
Cucumbers can be grown both seedling and seedless. They are hypersensitive to cold, and good seed germination depends on soil temperature.
This means it should be at least + 14 °C. Cucumbers can be successfully grown in various soil types with adequate aeration and drainage, although they grow best in light and humus-rich soils.
The experience of many gardeners has shown that they respond well to the application of various organic fertilizers that improve soil structure. You should not grow cucumbers in one place more often than in 5 years; otherwise, they will be highly susceptible to diseases.
Best predecessors: can be corn, tomatoes, peas, and early potatoes. When growing cucumbers, they need to be regularly supplied with various nutrients.
This method of cultivation makes it possible to accelerate fruiting significantly. In the open field, the first crop of cucumbers grown by seedlings can be obtained two weeks earlier than those grown in the usual way.
At the time of planting, the plants should have 3-4 true leaves, that is, be 2-3 weeks old. The seedling method of growing will significantly speed up fruiting.
To grow cucumber seedlings, you must take full-weight large seeds that have undergone pre-sowing heating. Because of this, you need to hold them for a month near heating devices at a temperature of about +25 °C.
The seeds heated in this way will give the friendly seedlings, and the plants will begin to bear fruit earlier and produce less barren flowers.
Then the seeds must be disinfected. For this, you can use an infusion of garlic pulp of 30g of garlic pulp per 100 ml of water (cold). Keep the seeds in this infusion for 1 hour.
After that, please put them in cloth bags and soak them for 12 hours in a nutrient solution. This is 1 liter of water plus one teaspoon of sifted wood ash and nitrophoska.
When rinsing with clean water, lay them on a slightly damp cloth and keep them at a temperature of +20 °C for about two days until they swell entirely.
Make sure the seeds do not germinate but only peck slightly. The last stage of pre-sowing processing of cucumber seeds is to place them in the refrigerator for a day.
Watering of cucumbers
Cucumbers are moisture-loving plants, so the ground under them must be kept moist. Moreover, watering should be done only with warm water.
Cold cucumbers do not tolerate and can rot on the vine. If the weather is cloudy, you can water at any time. It is better to postpone this business until the evening in hot sunny weather.
The hotter and drier the weather, the more plentifully and often you need to water the plants. Irrigation is carried out with 5-10 liters per square meter water.
After each watering, the earth must be loosened until the row spacing closes. A protective zone of 8-10 cm in size is left near the row. In-depth, the soil can be loosened only by 3-4 cm since the root system of cucumbers does not lie deep.
Due to periodic loosening, the evaporation of moisture from the surface of the earth decreases, oxygen enters the soil better, and carbon dioxide is released just as well. This means that photosynthesis in the plants will proceed as expected.
This is a necessary and important event if you want to speed up the ripening of cucumber fruits. The stem is pinched over the fourth or fifth leaf in medium or late-ripening varieties.
When pinching, lateral shoots begin to grow rapidly, on which female flowers form. In early types, female flowers are formed on the main stem, so pinching is not required.
During the beginning of fruiting, you will need to collect cucumbers every two days, but you will have to harvest with abundant fruiting every day. It is important not to let them outgrow and carefully collect all the fruits – not only healthy but also malformed and sick.
It is best to harvest in the early morning. At this time, greens contain more moisture. When collecting them, at the same time, it is necessary to remove yellowed and diseased leaves.
When the last harvest begins, along with the ripe greens, you will need to collect small ovaries and small cucumbers that can be pickled.
It is undesirable to lift the whips during the collection and somehow change their location. Adventitious roots may suffer from these actions, due to which the plant will begin to produce less yield due to lack of nutrition.
>> Related Post: Why Are My Cucumbers Short and Fat? (4 Reasons)
Growing cucumbers is not difficult; they grow quickly enough and give a good harvest with proper care. Many varieties have been bred, which can grow in conditions of insufficient heat, moisture, and even light.
It is important to remember that cucumber is a heat-loving and moisture-loving crop. Therefore, it is not recommended to leave them entirely without water and heat, no matter how resistant to the variety’s lack of these factors. In this article, why my cucumbers are yellow, and fat has been answered.