Marigolds are popular plants among owners of summer cottages and household plots. This is explained by the fact that beautiful and bright yellow-orange flowers can decorate a flower garden and have useful properties.
Marigolds have valuable medicinal properties. The flowers are bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, and antispasmodic agents.
If you plant marigolds in a garden with vegetables, strawberries, or shrubs, they will protect crops from many pests. You can plant marigolds not only in a separate flower bed but also throughout the site.
Why are my marigolds dying? This has become one of the many questions people ask anytime they plant marigolds.
Why are my marigolds dying?
Marigolds can die because of Verticillium wilt, the fungal disease that causes marigolds, dahlias, and chrysanthemums to wilt. The pathogenic fungus Verticillium dahliae triggers this problem. As a soil fungus, the fungus can be spread by wind and water.
How to revive the dying marigold?
All you can do to revive the dying marigold is cut it in half and water it, not sitting in water or soaking wet, but water when the soil is almost dry.
When and how to collect certified marigolds seeds?
To plant your marigold seeds next year, it is important not to miss their ripening. If you are late with the collection of planting material, then the seeds fall to the ground, and the self-seeding of marigolds will turn out.
A gauze bag is put on the selected flower to prevent this from happening, into which ripened seeds will fall.
There are large varieties of marigolds, among which you can always choose to decorate your site with a suitable not only beautiful but also a medicinal plant.
This is achieved if you choose the right seeds. Moreover, planting and caring for marigolds are pretty simple, and even a novice grower can handle them.
Do not be upset if you do not have a summer cottage because marigold seeds grow well in the summer on the balcony and at home.
Marigold seeds are an undemanding and fairly easy-to-care plant that can not only decorate any suburban area but also become a folk healer. Marigolds are used for medicinal and decorative purposes.
A huge variety makes it possible to pick up marigold flowers that will improve the flower bed’s appearance and add new colors. It is only necessary to devote a little time to the plant, but it also delights you for many years.
How to plant marigolds correctly
Seeds are planted in deep plastic containers with drainage holes, boxes, or individual pots for seedlings. The containers are filled with moist flower soil.
The seeds are buried 2 cm into the ground, sprinkled with dirt on top, sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle, and covered with cling film or cellophane. Then the crops are placed in a warm place with an air temperature of +20 degrees.
Every day, the film will need to be removed for several minutes to ventilate the substrate and check its humidity. As soon as the top layer of the earth begins to dry out, it will need to be sprayed with water at room temperature.
After about a week, shoots will begin to appear, which will need to be rearranged to a well-lit, cool place with an air temperature within +15 degrees.
When to plant marigolds in the ground?
It is best to marigold seeds at the beginning of spring or autumn. Sowing in late autumn will please with early flowering. Marigold seedlings are planted in April, and a month later, the seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
These plants are cold-resistant that can withstand temperatures down to -5 degrees. The soil should be loose and crumbly.
To check the condition of the soil, a lump of the earth should be thrown up. If it quickly disintegrates, this means that the seeds can be sown.
Before the material, the soil is dug up, and humus is added at the rate of 1 m² of land – 4 kg. The seeds are deepened into the ground by about one or two centimeters, the distance between the rows is made at least 30 cm. Under all conditions, shoots will appear in ten days.
How to care for marigolds
Taking care of marigolds is easy. It is necessary to regularly and carefully carry out some simple agricultural activities so that the culture will delight you with abundant flowering and dense foliage.
Marigolds are one of those plants that love moisture. So, regular irrigation is necessary for them. But there are specific nuances.
As soon as the seedlings have been planted in open ground, they need to be watered 3-4 times a week. Adult crops require water only at the time of drought. If there is no rain in summer, watering should be done two times a week.
Along with irrigation, it is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds. Make a sprinkler for watering with your own hands.
Fertilizing marigolds should be done every two weeks. Most often, complex products are involved. Amophos and Nitrofosk are used, but use them in the amount indicated in the instructions.
If you overdo it, it can lead to the development of diseases. Likewise, if you decide to fertilize with nitrogen fertilizer, you need to be extremely careful. Also, if nitrogen is present in excess, the marigolds will become small and pale.
3. Pest control
Marigolds are rarely affected by pests and diseases. Most often, they can be affected by black spots and powdery mildew. The first one inflicts damage on the leaves, as dark spots appear.
But powdery mildew leaves a white coating over the entire aerial part of the plant. Essentially, under the influence of the presented pests, the marigold ceases to develop and dies.
If these changes were determined late, then it is urgent to treat the plant with the following drugs: Fundazin, Topsin, and Topaz.
Marigolds are the plants that are unpretentious in care. With their assistance, you can decorate a flower bed interestingly and work as the healing properties.
The diversity of varieties will allow you to choose those marigolds with which you can improve the flower bed’s appearance and give it bright and sunny colors. This article has answered why marigolds are dying.